Esri ocean and coastal environments industry manager Drew Stephens kicks off the Esri Ocean GIS Forum.
David Gallo used the discovery and mapping of RMS Titanic as one example of advances in multisensor, multiscale deep sea mapping and the quest to understand and manage this important cultural resource.
Esri chief scientist Dawn Wright moderated an esteemed panel featuring Dr. Sylvia Earle, National Geographic explorer-in-residence; Dr. David Gallo, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; David McKinnie, NOAA ocean exploration and research senior adviser; and Dr. Jerry Schubel, CEO of Aquarium of the Pacific. The panel discussed the following questions: What technological and sociological changes will have the most impact on human understanding of the oceans, what are going to be the biggest obstacles in making these changes, and how do we use GIS technology and/or GIS science to reach these goals?
The Santa Barbara Channel is one of several places where whale migration patterns overlap with shipping lanes, resulting in ship strikes that are often fatal for the animals. Geospatial technology has been used to study the patterns of strikes and create avoidance strategies, but collisions continue. Can a real-time geospatial system, integrated with advances in other hardware and software technologies, provide a framework for further reducing whale strikes? The goal is an integrated system that provides specific, actionable information to individual vessels. A combination of sensors, unmanned platforms (aerial and underwater), and VGI support could help pinpoint potential collisions and suggest avoidance tactics. It's a classic spatiotemporal problem: some known elements (large vessels constrained to shipping lanes) and others (whale location) based on predicted behavior and limited observation. Adding real-time capabilities could supply the definitive and specific information that is more likely to alter ship speed and avoid strikes.
More often than not, geographic representation of the marine environment strips the ecosystem of its habitat richness, biodiversity and verticality. Mapping the marine environment in GIS results in marine features represented as a 2D plane on the sea surface or as bare bathymetry. These are geographically accurate, but not visually pleasing nor comprehensive in representing marine ecosystems. In contrast, gaming and virtual reality programs produce attractive visuals but are not geographically referenced. This talk presents the integration of GIS geographic referencing with landscape visualisation principles and software to develop geographically accurate and visually attractive models of the marine environment. A seascape visualisaton model of an offshore protected seamount was presented to marine protected area (MPA) planners and scientists for feedback. Based on results, further work is currently under way to improve the model for MPA planners, scientists, users and visitors.
MarineCadastre.gov is an integrated marine information system that provides ocean data, offshore planning tools, and technical support to the offshore energy and marine planning communities. The project was designed specifically to support renewable energy siting on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf but is being used for a wide array of ocean-related activities. The project delivers its content through map viewers and a spatial data registry, and provides analytical tools to the ocean planning community. MarineCadastre.gov has recently undergone several updates to support the growing need for web services, maps on the fly, and focused web and story maps. This Lightning Talk will highlight some of the new features being developed and demonstrate how the various components of the project are being used by ocean professionals.
The Maritime Alliance of San Diego (TMA) has begun the process to complete a comprehensive review of their marine spatial planning practices in order to best serve the maritime users in San Diego County. Understanding the current spatial distribution of different interest groups and uses in the marine environment is pivotal in deciding how to allocate space for different resources. As TMA begins the planning process, they wanted a map for stakeholders to help them better understand how San Diego marine space is currently being utilized. Using publicly available sources, an animated map was created highlighting the spatial extent of various activities in San Diego including, but not limited to military practice areas, marine protected areas, navigational channels, and shipping fairways.
This work shows the development of a cartographic viewer of sea-land Archipielago de Cabrera's National Park. It's protected by various legal figures demonstrating the importance of this area. This kind of map viewer can facilitate the knowledge of this area to the general public and facilitate the management and monitoring of possible threats. This viewer has been done in collaboration between the research group "EU-US Marine Biodiversity" of the Franklin Institute of the Universidad de Alcalá de Henares (IF-UAH), the Instituto Español de Oceanografia (IEO) and the Organismo Autonomo de Parques Nacionales (OAPN). We used several programs for the development of this project. In the field of GIS we worked with Esri software: ArcMap, ArcCatalog and ArcGIS 10.1 for Server. The Esri Geoportal Server served to prepare the publication of metadata and WMS services. ArcGIS Viewer for Flex 3.3 was used for programming and developing the map viewer.