ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations

Esri staff share and demonstrate the various ArcGIS tools and resources available for military land operations.

Feb 23rd, 2012

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00:01My name is Simon Warwick, I lead the command and control team here at Esri…

00:03…as well as being the Commercial Joint Mapping Toolkit program manager.

00:08Today I have Scott Cecilio and Gary Sheppard from our defense element of the DC technology center…

00:16…who will be helping me with some of the demonstrations.

00:21And welcome to the ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations presentation.

00:28Yesterday at the plenary, Sheila Steffenson introduced a new concept called ArcGIS for the National Government.

00:37And within that, ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations is a subset, a component, that joins many others.

00:45Next door, colleagues of yours may be listening to the maritime operations version.

00:51And there's an intelligence operations version as well.

00:54And gradually we're going to be adding to this portfolio of subsystems under ArcGIS for the National Government…

01:02…to include something on military cities for the installation and environment community…

01:07…and something for the National Guard.

01:12So many of you work very hard producing data, maps, and applications to fulfill your missions.

01:21And traditionally, Esri has provided technology for you to accomplish that.

01:27But as Sheila said, what if, in addition to just providing this wide array of tools…

01:33…we were able to concentrate and simplify the process of you working with those tools to provide a jump start…

01:42…or a quick start to development to reduce training burdens and to simplify the analysis process?

01:50That's what ArcGIS for the Military is all about.

01:56What we're going to demonstrate are some applications and some techniques to simplify the process.

02:04And we're going to make those available through a resource center online for you to discover and share.

02:11And we'll come to that at the end.

02:15So, as we designed ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations, we reached out to subject matter experts…

02:22…to make sure that what we were building was relevant and appropriate.

02:27And chief among those mission partners was the Army's Geospatial Center at Fort Belvoir.

02:34And what I'd like to do now is show you some clips from a longer video produced by the AGC…

02:40…that sets the requirement, or the need, for ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations into context.

02:53Why do we need an Army geospatial enterprise?

02:56My name is Chief Warrant Officer V Michael Harper, and I'm the military deputy at the US Army's Geospatial Center…

03:02…and the Army's senior geospatial engineer technician.

03:05The soldiers in this video will articulate some of the geospatial information challenges they've faced…

03:10…while deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, and some of the workarounds they did to overcome those challenges.

03:16Their challenges range from a lack of data standards and SOPs to an inability to transfer and share data…

03:23…both vertically and horizontally on the battlefield.

03:26These challenges, and the lack of an enterprise solution, directly contribute to reduced situational awareness…

03:32…in operations and ineffective between our units.

03:36The Army geospatial enterprise, or AGE, will address these challenges…

03:40…by standardizing and simplifying collection, storage, portrayal, fusion, correlation…

03:48…synchronization, and sharing of battlefield data to enable us to fight more effectively and efficiently.

03:55The enterprise will also allow us to share information rapidly and provide for a true common operating picture.

04:08I'm Colonel Brian M. Drinkwine.

04:10I was the commander of the fourth brigade combat team, 82nd Airborne Division.

04:14I served as the commander of Task Force Fury...

04:17…in western and southern Afghanistan from 2009 to 2010.

04:22I found one of the greatest challenges that we had as a brigade was we used several different systems…

04:28…being MCS, CPOF, and blue force tracker.

04:32And at no…any single time did we have a good, common operational picture…

04:37…of just what the map could tell us…

04:39…what was happening on the ground, where our units, our Afghan partner units were…

04:43…an enemy situation updated template, or the human terrain.

04:47There's no one place to fuse all of that, and I think that's something the enterprise should look at…

04:53…to allow us a tool that's not just available in our TOC or a vehicle…

04:57…but something dismounted where a commander and leaders on the ground…

05:01…could be continually updated with a real-time…a common operational picture.

05:09At 101st, it created just tons and tons of data, but it was all in individual files, and stored in separate folders.

05:18Some of it was new, some of it was old, we weren't sure about the meta data, the accuracy of the data.

05:24We weren't sure about which one was created first or what's the newest, what's the latest and greatest.

05:30So that was one of the biggest issues, was…go through all their data.

05:34And then, of course, how do we get that data?

05:37At that time, it was on an external hard drive…

05:39…so they said, Here, here's an external hard drive full of individual shapefiles.

05:44I'm Colonel Charlie Wells. I'm the PM for the Distributed Common Ground Station—Army.

05:49We don't have a fully interoperable and standardized geospatial foundation today…

05:53…but we've set a blueprint to implement to that in the future.

05:59If you look at the products that we're fielding now, whether it's DTSS light with the DCGS-enabled system…

06:05…of DTSS light, the geospatial enterprise and the geospatial road map, I think as we go forward we'll set that foundation.

06:15We're actually in the first steps on that path today.

06:19Of course there's tremendous benefit in doing that.

06:21I think from the highest levels of the Army, we realize that's the way we need to go and we'll get there.

06:27We just have to…we have to make it happen.

06:29The way that standardized data and information helps the intelligence community…

06:34…is it really fosters the ability to collaborate and share.

06:38That's one of the powers of DCGS, and specifically in the GEOINT community…

06:42…it's one of the powers of geospatial intelligence.

06:45If we can implement common standards in a common framework, we can really work together…

06:50…to answer the commander's questions to support the warfighter in the field and to be much more effective.

06:56And so that's the real power of the standard framework and the geospatial enterprise.

07:08The Army geospatial enterprise will eliminate redundancy, increase efficiency, and conserve resources…

07:14…by allowing the soldier to collect information once and share it with all.

07:21Okay, so where does geospatial fit in to this vision…

07:26…this vision of a common, sharable, standard geospatial foundation?

07:32Well, if we think of GIS as a platform for enabling operations, we can start on the left…

07:40…with the ability to integrate sensor information and feeds.

07:44That's the ISR mission.

07:49Secondly, facilitating communication and collaboration.

07:53That's command and control.

07:55And then bringing them all together and breaking down barriers.

07:58That's operations in a joint environment.

08:02So this vision is to create one, single, technical architecture that extends the enterprise all the way…

08:10…from national through service intel centers, the AGC, GPCs, down to the brigade, and eventually…

08:19…down to the hands of the individual soldier.

08:22One technical architecture, one information model, one map.

08:29Now traditionally, operations in ISR and C2 have not enjoyed the greatest of synergy.

08:39But we believe with the intelligent application of geospatial technology…

08:44…and open standards, we can devolve this artificial barrier between ops and C2, between ISR and C2.

08:56And we can create this one Army geospatial enterprise that will result in a convergence of ops and intel.

09:07So how are we going to start?

09:11Well, central to this whole vision is the role of the operations server.

09:17Now, this operations server contains all the geospatial data that a brigade might need.

09:23But it's more than that.

09:24It's more than just a data server.

09:26It's a server for apps, maps, and tools, and anything with a geospatial or temporal component.

09:35And that has to be exposed to everyone within the brigade via whatever computing environment is appropriate…

09:44…for the mission whether that be web, embedded, mounted, dismounted, or workstation.

09:53And it has to be available in a 21st century, intuitive interface that resonates well with the 21st century soldier.

10:03It is the heart of the system.

10:06So let's take a look at the operational server and its brigade portal in more detail.

10:11To help me with that, Scott Cecilio.

10:14Thank you, Simon.

10:15And good morning everybody.

10:18Here we have the brigade portal.

10:20This is the main access point for the operations server in the brigade.

10:25This will allow all the brigade to do searches for not only maps, applications, and data…

10:33…but to provide collaboration and dissemination of that information as well.

10:39This has been divided into four main categories.

10:42The first category that we're going to look at is the gallery.

10:47When we select the gallery, we're prompted with the feature content.

10:52And this information is all of the pertinent information for current operations…

10:56…that are current or going on in the brigade AO.

11:01We also have web applications as well as mobile applications that will enable soldiers to load this information…

11:07…onto the mobile devices and take it with them into the field.

11:13When we select the maps portion, we have the topographic basemap over top of our area of operations.

11:22When we zoom in to this area, we are always greeted with the appropriate resolution or scale…

11:30…depending on the level of zoom I have on the area.

11:34When we zoom in extremely tight, not only do we have trees and parks…

11:39…but we also have infrastructure, buildings and roads.

11:46When we add on different basemaps, for instance imagery…

11:50….we have high-resolution colored imagery available to us.

11:55As we zoom out, that level of detail is also fixed upon the scale that we have zoomed in to.

12:06We also have scanned maps available.

12:08And these maps are going to be the most commonly used maps for all soldiers in the Army.

12:13They're used to seeing these through basic training and through their advanced individual training.

12:19And as we zoom out, we are always greeted with that proper scale.

12:26So let's zoom back in a little bit tighter to Jalalabad, and switch back over to my topographic basemap.

12:33And the reason why I want to do this is because I want to stress one point to you…

12:39…that the portal is not only solely for creation of basemap data…

12:44…but allows you to create and use shared data throughout the brigade.

12:51Now my commander…as a new analyst, my commander has tasked me to create a patrol route…

12:58…for the current operations within the next 24 hours.

13:03Being a new analyst, I'm not exactly sure how I can do this…

13:06…but I can utilize my brigade portal in order to help me.

13:12I can search for layers, and when I perform a search on stability I have two results that are found.

13:21To ensure that I'm using the proper data on my slides, I can select the link available to me…

13:29…and I have a little thumbprint of what is actually shown.

13:33Operation Osprey is the patrol route for the current 24 hours…

13:38…so I want to add that information to my map.

13:42We also have the stability operation, which is going to highlight gray list and black list areas in our AO.

13:51So what have I done? I've taken information that has been shared to me on my portal.

13:57I haven't created this information, but I've ended up creating a mashup…

14:02…that not only shows intelligence information, but also patrol planning routes for the next 24 hours.

14:10This is information that I feel I need to share and make sure that the brigade has access to.

14:17In order for me to do that, I can save my map.

14:24I'll just make sure I log in.

14:30And it prompts me to give it a title.

14:34We're going to call it Jalalabad Patrol Routes.

14:41And in order for me to have this information searchable on the brigade portal…

14:45…much like the information I searched for earlier, I have to give it tags, or keywords.

14:52Now, I have the ability to either type these in myself or I can choose from previous tags.

15:00We're going to just give it a summary, say, route clearance, and we're going to save it.

15:09Now it says saving to my content.

15:12Well, let's take a look at what that actually is.

15:16So, we'll go over to the My Content portion, and this is where…

15:19…all of the maps, feature services, layers, and tools that I've contributed to this brigade portal are saved.

15:31We have our Jalalabad patrol routes in the My Content, and when I select that link…

15:38…I'm greeted with a thumbnail image as well as a list of the HML codes…

15:46…or the links or the paths to where those documents…or where the information is located.

15:51Now it's up to me to share this information…

15:54…because by default, the brigade portal does not share any information with anyone besides myself.

16:01So in order for me to get this information out to everyone…

16:03…I'm going to select the Share link and I have two options.

16:06I can either share with everyone that is inside the brigade, or I can share with individual groups.

16:14I'm going to share with the C2 planning and current operations.

16:19Let's take a look at what these actual groups are.

16:22So we're going to select the Groups link.

16:24And I'm currently a member of 20 of these groups.

16:28These groups are focused into areas that have common problems or a common mission…

16:33…and, therefore, need a focused map in order to complete their mission.

16:40Let's take a look at the C2 planning and ensure that the map we just shared is, indeed, in this brigade, or in this group.

16:47Here's our Jalalabad patrol routes.

16:49So everyone in this group will now have access to this information via this simple web interface.

16:56That's a quick wrap-up of the portal.

16:59Let me just…to recap, the operations portal, or operations server, is going to be where you can access…

17:06…all the basemap data as well as any shared information inside of that brigade portal.

17:11The brigade portal is where you will actually create maps, visualize and share that information…

17:17…out with everyone else in the brigade.

17:20We'll be visiting this brigade portal frequently throughout this presentation.

17:24And with that, I'd like to hand it back over to Simon.

17:27Thanks, Scott.

17:31So let's move on to the first major consumer of the data, apps, and tools…

17:37…contained in the operations server via the brigade portal.

17:42And that's the intelligence analyst.

17:44In the US, the DCGS—A analyst.

17:48Those analysts are faced with three large challenges.

17:58…number of sensor platforms that are in and above the battlefield.

18:05Secondly, they're provided with a wide array of sophisticated analytical tools…

18:11…which lead to their third challenge, and that is the ability to receive and take adequate training.

18:20In many ways, we're trying to have the DCGS analyst just get on with their job.

18:25Not to be a data manager, but to make sense of all this data…

18:30…and make operational decisions and products to support the military decision making process.

18:37So we've come up with a mechanism to simplify this process for the analyst through the use of templates.

18:46Templates that can capture the most valuable asset in the DCGS enclave…

18:54…and that's the trade craft knowledge of experienced analysts.

18:57The ability to consolidate that into repeatable, simple, standard SOPs…

19:04…that then can be leveraged by more junior, inexperienced analysts.

19:12So let's take a quick look at two such templates in the intelligence analyst's quiver.


19:24Thank you, Simon.

19:27So we've looked at the operations server.

19:29What we're going to look at next is how an analyst will take and use their high-powered desktop software…

19:35…to perform analysis and solve problems.

19:39One of the major problems that we faced with working with soldiers in the field…

19:45…is that they have a very complex problem to solve, but may not have necessarily received…

19:49…the appropriate amount of training in order to complete their mission.

19:53So we've been working with the DCGS—A program to help prepare soldiers…

19:59…get them up and running faster, and make sure that they're fully mission-capable.

20:04And we've been doing this through the creation of templates.

20:08So let's take a look at what one of these templates can do to help improve the workflow of analysts in the Army.

20:15Starting at my brigade portal, I can search for these templates.

20:20And one of the most common templates that solidiers are tasked to find are helicopter landing zones.

20:36These helicopter landing zone templates can then be downloaded from the portal onto the brigade…

20:43…onto the website, and opened up inside of ArcMap.

20:51Here we have a completed template, a finalized HLZ product…

20:56…that will enable me as a new analyst to use this information…

21:00…to create a standardized HLZ product in a different location.

21:09I just had an RFI come in from my command stating that…

21:13…they have an area that they need to have an HLZ created pronto.

21:19So I'm going to switch over to my different views and I'm going to pull up the location for the HLZ.

21:30Now one of the benefits of using these templates is that we've captured the trade craft…

21:35…and experience from more senior analysts.

21:41So when I begin to create my HLZ, I have all these featured templates…

21:49…with all of the layers available to me that I need to use.

21:54So I can begin my digitization and capturing of this HLZ.

22:00And all of the features…I know that all of the layers that I'm adding to this…

22:05…are going to be standardized amongst my brigade.

22:08Because I know that when I switch through different brigades…

22:11…standards change between commands.

22:16So as we digitize and capture this, think of it as…like baking a cake.

22:22I have a recipe for a cake and I have a picture of it.

22:26And what I need to do is then go in and follow the recipe and ensure that the cake is made to standard.

22:36And when it's done, I can switch back over to my other view…

22:45…and I'm greeted with a finalized, completed-to-standard, HLZ product…

22:51…that I can now disseminate out to my brigade.

22:55So how do I do that?

22:59I can either print it and hand that RFI to the pilot and he can take it with him…

23:04…or I can share this as a map package.

23:07And when I share this as a map package, it'll be loaded to my brigade portal and, therefore…

23:14…it will be accessible by everyone.

23:16The map packages include all of the layers, the cartography, as well as any of the tools…

23:22…that I have used inside of this map.

23:28Now, one of the other uses for templates is using it for IPB analysis, or intelligence preparation of the battlefield.

23:38And this is going to be used for military aspects of terrain.

23:43Searching for military terrain…it would help if put that extra i in there…and the r…

24:00…I can scroll down and look for my different templates.

24:07Usually it shows up, and since it didn't today, when we select it we'll have the same option…

24:14…to download it as we did with the HLZ product.

24:20When we open it up, we have a different map that has all the functionality…

24:26…for us to create a military aspects of terrain product.

24:31Shown in here, we have key terrain which involves engagement areas, defensible positions…

24:38…as well as avenues of approach, both friendly and hostile.

24:43We have mobility corridors from brigade all the way down to troop level, and we have the cross-county mobility…

24:50…and this is going to be geared towards a light-wheeled vehicle.

24:55Now, I have now been tasked by my command…

24:58…to do an analysis on the northeast portion of this…of our AO.

25:03We have an accompanied mobility corridor that the enemy has been using…

25:08…and we want to pick up and deploy a surveillance unit in the key area…

25:13…to help us maximize visibility so we can monitor the troop movement.

25:19Using a preexisting high-point analysis done earlier, I'm going to determine…

25:26…I'm going to use my 2,109-meter point and I'm going to go in and create a visibility plot…a viewshed.

25:37Now being a new analyst, I might not necessarily know how to do this.

25:42We have included customized tools inside of our template in order for us to help soldiers find the tools they need.

25:54So I'm going to open up my Visibility by Circle tool, which will allow me to complete this mission…

26:02…and it's going to be a very simple click-and-point movement.

26:07So I'm going to select the year I want to use.

26:09I know that our surveillance team has a one-and-a-half kilometer viewing.

26:15So we'll go out to one-and-a-half kilometers.

26:18And I'll begin to run the tool.

26:21Now while this tool runs, I want to stress the point that this is not dumbing down the system.

26:28Though it might seem very easy to point and drag out a certain radius…

26:32…it's however a very complex model behind this tool that's being run.

26:37And what we're doing is we're taking all of the geospatial processing power…

26:43…and we're condensing it into an easy to use, functional tool…

26:47…so that soldiers in the field will be able to create accurate and timely products.

26:54This tool, for example, is using the underlying elevation data…

26:59…and it's going to create a viewshed showing what area is acceptable for viewing or what areas can be seen.

27:09So here we have a very high visibility upon this corridor.

27:13So this will be information I would need to share and send out to the command.

27:19I can either share this as a map package like we did before…

27:26…or I can share this as a layer package and save and send just the layer package…

27:32…which includes just the symbology for the layer…

27:35…and the geodatabase information supporting it to the command.

27:41Now the important thing to note is that we're not dumbing down the tools…

27:47…we're just helping to improve the workflow of the soldiers.

27:51And with that, I'd like to hand it back over the Simon.

27:54Thanks, Scott.

28:00So, we've just seen some demonstrations of how to assist the intelligence analyst simply their workflows.

28:07So, now we need to do something similar for the next stage in the military decision making process…

28:12…and that's C2 planning.

28:15In this context, we will need to give application developers the tools they require…

28:22…to build simple, fast, intuitive tools and applications that can be used by the C2 planner.

28:35These tools can be built out of desktop, they can be embedded in larger C2 systems…

28:41…or they can simply be made out of web APIs.

28:44All of that technology in the US can be provided through NGA's Commercial Joint Mapping Toolkit program.

28:51And we'll just see a quick demonstration of a very simple, Silverlight-based, web tool for patrol planning.


29:01Thank you, Simon.

29:02Scott and I are going to show, like Simon mentioned, this tool for patrol planning.

29:08A patrol planner has certain expertise in planning in the battlefield.

29:16Not necessarily expertise in GIS or specific geospatial technology.

29:21That means that this brigade portal needs tools that help planners…

29:27…without them having to have a bunch of specialized training.

29:31Let's look at what such a tool might look like.

29:33In our portal, we're going to search for patrol planning…

29:35…because we're playing the role of a planner who is going to plan some patrol routes.

29:44We have this intelligent web map that's part of the portal, that uses the operations server.

29:49We can open it in one of the web viewers that is part of the brigade portal.

29:56This is a viewer that uses Silverlight technology…

29:59…and it's going to give us some of the same content that we've seen before.

30:02This topographic basemap, we also see some operational data on top.

30:07Some gray list and black list locations, in addition to patrol routes that have already been run.

30:14The blue lines represent patrol routes that have taken place previously.

30:20And why don't we step through the time slider.

30:22We can look at a week's worth of patrol routes at a time to give us an idea of where we typically run patrol routes.

30:30Now the blue shading is a density analysis…

30:34…a hot spot analysis to show where we very often run patrol routes.

30:40Dark blue shading indicates those areas where we almost always run patrols.

30:45Areas with light blue shading or with no shading at all indicate areas where we very rarely run patrol routes.

30:52So as a planner, we would like to perhaps plan some patrol routes that go through those areas…

30:58…that aren't very often patrolled, and that are near gray list and black list locations.

31:03Let's zoom in to one of the neighborhoods that meet that criteria.

31:08This neighborhood very rarely has patrols going through some of these streets…

31:13…yet there are a couple of incidents there, a couple of gray list and black list locations.

31:18So let's go ahead and plan a patrol through this neighborhood.

31:22Planning the patrol is as simple as just drawing on the map.

31:28So you see we don't have to have a lot of specialized GIS training.

31:33We simply draw our patrol route on the map…

31:36…based on the data that's presented to us, and return back to where we started.

31:41Now we have our patrol route on the map, which is fine for us…

31:45…but at the moment nobody else can see it.

31:47What we need to do, so that others can use this information we've created, is to save this web map.

31:54We can call it something like Patrol Planning_today's date 23 February.

31:59And, you know, if we were to save this then we could share it with other users of the brigade portal…

32:07…like Scott showed previously, where we could share it with certain groups.

32:10Because a group is not only a group of content like web map and things, a group is also a group of users.

32:17So the personnel in the brigade who really need access to this patrol plan…

32:21…that we created using this simple web tool will then have access to it.

32:25And if they want to add comments or modify it or extend it…

32:30… they can do that and they can save it and share it back with us.

32:34This is a good example of one of the many tools that the brigade portal has for personnel in brigade headquarters…

32:43…to get their work done, such as planning, without having to know all of the GIS specifics.

32:50They just know how to do their work.

32:51They know patrol planning.

32:52We give them the simple tools to do this through the brigade portal.

32:57Let's turn it back over to Simon to continue our discussion on planning.

33:02Okay. So now we have our plan.

33:06But what we want to do now is extend this entire enterprise that we've seen so far…

33:10…into the hands of those who are going to prosecute the mission.

33:14We need to give them the most up to date data, the most up to date basemaps…

33:21…and the situational awareness they need to conduct the mission.

33:26Now this has to happen both in a mounted environment and for the dismounted soldier.

33:31But neither of whom can guarantee to be connected all of the time.

33:36So we need to provision them with the tools and the data that they need to get their job done.

33:42And this has to be done quickly.

33:44We cannot wait the days and weeks that it sometimes takes with current systems…

33:50…to provision data into mounted and dismounted C2 clients.

33:55So we've developed some tools and techniques to very quickly provision mounted and dismounted C2 applications.

34:03Gary, can you show us please?

34:06Sure, Simon.

34:09Go ahead and put my display on screen, please.

34:11Thank you, Scott.

34:13Alright. I'm going to demonstrate what Simon discussed, which is provisioning.

34:20Provisioning means taking content from the operations server and getting it ready to deploy to the field.

34:29The issue here is that when we're in the field, whether we're in a vehicle or on foot…

34:34…typically we don't have a nice, fast network connection back to headquarters that's always reliable and always on.

34:41So, things like basemaps that are never going to change, or things like, you know, analytical data…

34:47…like elevation that we need on our device, we want to provision that ahead of time.

34:54The trouble is, some of these devices, especially the handheld devices, don't have a whole lot of storage space.

35:00So rather than have high-resolution data for all of Afghanistan, for example, on a handheld tablet…

35:08…we're going to clip out the section that we need for our mission.

35:12In this case, we have a map, and this is a template that comes from the brigade portal…

35:18…that will help us do this provisioning process.

35:22We have a variety of operational areas and areas of interest drawn on the map.

35:28We're going to zoom into one that's in the immediate Jalalabad area.

35:35And our task here is to prepare the basemaps and elevation data…

35:42…from just this area for deployment onto our handheld and mounted devices.

35:51We have a model that helps us do that…

35:54…go through all the basemaps, export those.

35:57Take the digital elevation model and export that just for this rectangle that's been drawn.

36:02Now, before we run this, let's talk for a moment about data management and data currency.

36:09As we provision our basemaps, we want to make sure that they are as up to date as possible.

36:14So, I'm going to switch hats slightly here and play the role of a data manager.

36:21This is someone who is responsible for making sure that any new data gets incorporated…

36:26…into our overall data collection on the operations server.

36:32In this case, we have on the operations server this image service.

36:37Think of it as an image collection that contains all the imagery that we have.

36:42Let's zoom in a little bit to see a little higher resolution.

36:46We're going to update this imagery.

36:47The scenario here is, we received some new image tiles, and we're going to incorporate those into our image collection.

36:57We have a tool that will help us do that.

37:02This tool is going to scan through a directory that contains the new image tiles that we received.

37:10It's going to add those image tiles to the collection…it's a pretty quick process.

37:15Now as we refresh, watch the dam here, I'm going to refresh the map.

37:20And the new imagery is incorporated.

37:23See how water is flowing through the dam.

37:25It's a newer, more up to date image.

37:28We didn't have to restart any services, and we didn't have to tell users, Log out and log back in.

37:33Nothing like that, it's seamless to the end user.

37:40Now that our data is up to date, let's go back to our provisioning template.

37:45And we just run the model, and this would take about 10 minutes.

37:49In fact, let me just cancel this because we're not going to run through the whole thing.

37:55As much as we'd like to keep you for 10 minutes watching this dialog, we'll expedite here.

38:01The point is, with this provisioning process, it doesn't sound like anything revolutionary…

38:07…but what it means is that we can take content, the same content that's on the server…

38:12…that all these other users have been able to access, and prepare it for these disadvantaged uses…

38:18…these disconnected mobile users, to be able to use great, high-quality, high-resolution content…

38:25…which gives them better awareness of the battlespace.

38:30Simon, back to you.

38:32Thanks, Gary.

38:35So let's turn to those clients that we've just provisioned.

38:39Technology in the mobile arena is changing very rapidly.

38:44And those mounted C2 applications must be fast, easy, and simple to develop.

38:52They must use computing resources very efficiently.

38:57We recognize this at Esri…

39:00…and in support of the CJMTK program and our wider use base, we decided to build a brand new product.

39:09A new technology aimed specifically at high performance, embedded clients.

39:15You will have heard about it many times already, called the ArcGIS Runtime.

39:21And ArcGIS Runtime will enable us to build these high-performance, fast, quick, easy applications…

39:28…and deploy them to the mounted and dismounted C2 environments.

39:34So what we're going to demonstrate for you now is a quick look at a runtime application…

39:38…that we've built called Vehicle Commander.


39:44Thanks, Simon.

39:46Who was in the plenary session yesterday and saw our in-vehicle application, anybody?


39:52Oh, a few people.

39:53I'm going to show that application and go into a little more detail on it.

39:57Yesterday, we kind of focused on the software, feature, function, things like that.

40:01Today, we'll talk more about how that fits into the brigade story, how that fits into the ArcGIS for the Military offering.

40:10Okay, the scenario here is, we have a machine that is typical of the machine…

40:19…that you would put in a tank or a Humvee in the Army or the Marines.

40:24These machines very often run Linux.

40:26I'm running Linux on this machine.

40:28Very often, they're not the newest, fastest hardware.

40:32I know this isn't like a mountable, rugged laptop here, but this is a laptop that's five or six years old…

40:39…and we did that on purpose to kind of show that the new software runs very well on this older hardware.

40:48Now, traditionally when we wanted to deploy mounted applications, deployment could be very challenging.

40:55You have to install extra things, maybe register some other things.

40:59With the new ArcGIS Runtime, we're going to deploy this in-vehicle application very simply.

41:06All we have to do is mount a drive, and this could be a new hard drive, this could be a network share…

41:12…that we're going to copy from, it could be our mission data loader…

41:16…it could be any place where you can store files and get them onto this computer.

41:20I'm just going to run it from this mounted drive directly.

41:26Now as we start up, it's going to start within just a couple seconds here.

41:33That's one benefit of the new ArcGIS Runtime, is it offers very fast start-up time for applications.

41:41It also offers these high-quality maps.

41:42We have the same basemaps that we looked at…that we've looked at throughout this presentation…

41:47…this imagery, these scanned maps, and these topographic maps.

41:53And they perform very well.

41:54Notice how the map smoothly follows our location.

41:57We don't see white around the edges, we're not waiting for the map to draw; it just draws instantly.

42:04That's one benefit of the new runtime.

42:08This is an application that again, like I said, we built with an in-vehicle use in mind…

42:14…so we have a lot of fat buttons, not a lot of typing that has to be done in this display.

42:20We see our current GPS location on the map.

42:22We also see these blue forces moving around.

42:24Now, of course, typically in the web world when we have things like this, oh, we're sending updates…

42:31…back up to a server and then pulling things down from a server.

42:34In a vehicle or on foot, you're not always going to have fast Internet access…

42:39…or any…well, Internet nothing…network access back to your server.

42:45Probably not going to have it.

42:46If you do have it, it will be once in a while and slow.

42:50So, there are a couple of things that we considered while building the runtime…

42:54…and, specifically, this application template.

42:58One of them is, these basemaps are provisioned to the device.

43:02A moment ago, we talked about provisioning…

43:04…clipping out just the data that we need to put on the device.

43:07And that's what we've done here.

43:09The high resolution data, we just have for the Jalalabad area.

43:12If we zoom out to a lower resolution, we can see more of the country…

43:17…but we just have the low-res data for worldwide.

43:20We have high-res for this immediate area.

43:24The other thing that we've done is, we've engineered runtime in this app to be able to communicate…

43:32…in a peer-to-peer fashion…

43:33…so that if I'm…in fact, let's go ahead and bring up Scott's display on one of the screens.

43:39Scott is running the same application, but he's running on Windows and I'm running on Linux…

43:45…and he is currently displaying the topo map while I'm displaying imagery.

43:50Let me put my map north up for a moment so we can see this a little better.

43:54We can see Scott's unit moving around the map…

44:01…moving around on my map, and we can see my location moving around on his map.

44:06And the way that we envision this is that the application would use low bandwidth radio via…

44:15…for a peer-to-peer-type connection.

44:19Which is what this hardware in the field is capable of doing.

44:23And this runtime application takes advantage of that.

44:28Now, in addition to looking at this data, we can also contribute data back into the system.

44:32For example, we have these simple digital chem lights that we can drop on the map.

44:37And as I drop a chem light on the map, we see it on Scott's display as well as my own.

44:42If we want to do more sophisticated reporting, we can take a full spot report…

44:47…which of course is a standard, simple report that's often filed for an incident in the field.

44:53Again, not much typing here, fat buttons to choose the different field values.

44:59We pick a location on the map, we pick a type of unit that we observed, we send it…

45:05…and it shows up on my display and also Scott's display in standard military symbology.

45:11All of these points, these blue forces, and that…I guess…

45:15…red force spot report there, these are all using the 2525C symbology standard…

45:21…which is built in to the new ArcGIS Runtime.

45:26Now let's show off one more thing here, and we're going to highlight the performance of the new ArcGIS Runtime.

45:35Traditionally, we've had software that can perform well for in-vehicle applications.

45:40It can be a challenge to get it to run well.

45:43ArcGIS Runtime was built with the number one focus on performance.

45:48And to show that, we're going to, again, give away a secret like we did yesterday.

45:52We're obviously simulating these blue force locations.

45:58Right now, we're sending one movement per second in this simulator to our application.

46:04Now we're going to crank it up and send 100 movements per second.

46:09Let's go back to our app, and we'll notice that the application continues to respond to my commands.

46:17It continues to perform well.

46:20We're never waiting for the map to draw; we're never waiting for our blue forces to come in.

46:24They just draw on the map.

46:25So we have thousands of military symbols now being drawn on the map.

46:30And the application continues to perform well.

46:34That was a big focus for us for the new ArcGIS Runtime.

46:38So in summary, we've looked at how you can use the new runtime to build these in-vehicle applications…

46:46…that soldiers and Marines need in their vehicles.

46:51This gives them not only the basemaps that they need, but also operational data and real-time tracking data…

46:59…in order for them to complete their mission more successfully.

47:03And to continue this discussion on mobile applications, let's go back to Simon.

47:10Thanks, Gary.

47:12So let's bring this full circle and take it down to the last tactical mile.

47:19We want to extend the entire enterprise that you've seen that started with the DCGS—A analyst…

47:24…into the hands of the individual soldier in a connected, or sometimes connected environment.

47:30Now, these soldiers demand the same kind of technology that we all enjoy from our smartphones…

47:35…the same performance, the ease of application use, the ease of development, and fast, intuitive interfaces.

47:44So again, we've developed some technology based on the runtime SDK for you to be able to build…

47:51…intuitive applications onto smartphones, for example.

47:56And it doesn't matter whether that's iPhone, Windows phone and mobile…

48:00…or, in our case, we're going to demonstrate an Android OS-based tablet application.

48:08So, Gary?

48:10Thank you, Simon.


48:17Let me just center this under the camera.

48:19We have here an Android tablet.

48:23We're going to talk for moment about dismounted operations.

48:27Soldiers on the ground, on foot.

48:30We envision them carrying a handheld device like this one.

48:34Now, Android is a handheld platform on which many US military programs have standardized.

48:41Other programs are investigating Android.

48:43It's just one choice of handheld, and it's one that we've focused on for the ArcGIS for the Military effort.

48:52We have an application that lets us sign in as a squad leader, we'll choose a squad.

49:00And it's going to display for us a map.

49:04We actually have a GPS simulator on here, but the application also works with real GPS locations.

49:11It's just that all of our good data is in Jalalabad and not here in DC…

49:16…so we'll wait for a moment for that simulator to start up and zoom us into Jalalabad.

49:23Which I was hoping would happen by now…hmm.

49:28Alright, well, let's just zoom into Jalalabad ourselves, then.

49:33Now on this map, we have access to the same basemaps that we've been looking at…

49:40…throughout this presentation, including this imagery, the topographic and scanned maps.

49:47In all these cases, the basemaps are provisioned onto the device.

49:50Remember what we said about not having a fast, reliable connection back to headquarters in the field.

49:56Really, we only have enough bandwidth for data updates…little reports and things.

50:01So, these big basemaps go on the device.

50:04But provisioned just for the area where we're going to operate, because we don't have all that much storage.

50:10With these spot reports and digital chem lights on the map…

50:14…as well as some blue force information, those are coming from the server.

50:20So this assumes that we're at least sometimes connected.

50:24When we have some connection back to headquarters, we get a data update.

50:29One thing that is being investigated by the military and that we are working on as well is…

50:34…the use of these radios that would connect to the device to be able to send these small-size updates…

50:44…sort of peer-to-peer, between soldiers in the field.

50:48Now let's go ahead and follow our GPS location.

50:51And we see the map moving along with us as we walk down the street.

50:56This application eventually will be released on the ArcGIS defense resource center…

51:07…as part of this brigade portal that's being offered.



51:13So let's summarize what we demonstrated this morning.

51:17What we demonstrated was our way of assisting the Army get to their vision of an Army geospatial enterprise…

51:25…of a common, standard, sharable geospatial foundation based on access to one map…

51:32…throughout the entire ecosystem and one technology that extends from national…

51:38…all the way down to tactical and handheld.

51:42So we're not just going to leave you with this without a little bit more assistance.

51:48And this is where we come back to the ArcGIS for National Government initiative.

51:53So, if you take a look at the website behind me, this is going to be live and you'll be able to access.

52:00We're developing these communities of which defense and intelligence is just one.

52:06So if we go into defense and intelligence on the Resource Center, you'll see that we're going to release…

52:13…a land operations subset, a maritime operations subset, and eventually National Guard and military cities.

52:21So if we go into the land operations community, we're presented with a pretty easy, intuitive interface.

52:29And if we start on the left, we'll get some idea of what exactly is ArcGIS for land operations.

52:34Then we'll go in and look in more detail at the operations server and the portal…

52:39…and the role it plays before finally giving you access to some templates…

52:44…that we're going to develop, load, and support through the Resource Center.

52:50And we're going to make those available so you can easily discover them on the gallery.

52:55So if we go into one such template, I think…is that the scan maps one?

53:02So yes, we give you a thumbnail of what it looks like and some basic description…

53:06…but we also give you full documentation and instructions…

53:10…of how you can take advantage, in this case, of the scan maps template.

53:15So it's more than just a website to discover these tools.

53:20You can discover them, you can download them, and we'll give you help in working them out, too.

53:28If we go back in to land ops, you'll see that yes, we're going to fill it with all these applications…

53:38…but also blog posts and videos that are relevant to the land ops domain.

Copyright 2016 Esri
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