00:01My name is Simon Warwick, I lead the command and control team here at Esri…
00:03…as well as being the Commercial Joint Mapping Toolkit program manager.
00:08Today I have Scott Cecilio and Gary Sheppard from our defense element of the DC technology center…
00:16…who will be helping me with some of the demonstrations.
00:21And welcome to the ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations presentation.
00:28Yesterday at the plenary, Sheila Steffenson introduced a new concept called ArcGIS for the National Government.
00:37And within that, ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations is a subset, a component, that joins many others.
00:45Next door, colleagues of yours may be listening to the maritime operations version.
00:51And there's an intelligence operations version as well.
00:54And gradually we're going to be adding to this portfolio of subsystems under ArcGIS for the National Government…
01:02…to include something on military cities for the installation and environment community…
01:07…and something for the National Guard.
01:12So many of you work very hard producing data, maps, and applications to fulfill your missions.
01:21And traditionally, Esri has provided technology for you to accomplish that.
01:27But as Sheila said, what if, in addition to just providing this wide array of tools…
01:33…we were able to concentrate and simplify the process of you working with those tools to provide a jump start…
01:42…or a quick start to development to reduce training burdens and to simplify the analysis process?
01:50That's what ArcGIS for the Military is all about.
01:56What we're going to demonstrate are some applications and some techniques to simplify the process.
02:04And we're going to make those available through a resource center online for you to discover and share.
02:11And we'll come to that at the end.
02:15So, as we designed ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations, we reached out to subject matter experts…
02:22…to make sure that what we were building was relevant and appropriate.
02:27And chief among those mission partners was the Army's Geospatial Center at Fort Belvoir.
02:34And what I'd like to do now is show you some clips from a longer video produced by the AGC…
02:40…that sets the requirement, or the need, for ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations into context.
02:53Why do we need an Army geospatial enterprise?
02:56My name is Chief Warrant Officer V Michael Harper, and I'm the military deputy at the US Army's Geospatial Center…
03:02…and the Army's senior geospatial engineer technician.
03:05The soldiers in this video will articulate some of the geospatial information challenges they've faced…
03:10…while deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, and some of the workarounds they did to overcome those challenges.
03:16Their challenges range from a lack of data standards and SOPs to an inability to transfer and share data…
03:23…both vertically and horizontally on the battlefield.
03:26These challenges, and the lack of an enterprise solution, directly contribute to reduced situational awareness…
03:32…in operations and ineffective between our units.
03:36The Army geospatial enterprise, or AGE, will address these challenges…
03:40…by standardizing and simplifying collection, storage, portrayal, fusion, correlation…
03:48…synchronization, and sharing of battlefield data to enable us to fight more effectively and efficiently.
03:55The enterprise will also allow us to share information rapidly and provide for a true common operating picture.
04:08I'm Colonel Brian M. Drinkwine.
04:10I was the commander of the fourth brigade combat team, 82nd Airborne Division.
04:14I served as the commander of Task Force Fury...
04:17…in western and southern Afghanistan from 2009 to 2010.
04:22I found one of the greatest challenges that we had as a brigade was we used several different systems…
04:28…being MCS, CPOF, and blue force tracker.
04:32And at no…any single time did we have a good, common operational picture…
04:37…of just what the map could tell us…
04:39…what was happening on the ground, where our units, our Afghan partner units were…
04:43…an enemy situation updated template, or the human terrain.
04:47There's no one place to fuse all of that, and I think that's something the enterprise should look at…
04:53…to allow us a tool that's not just available in our TOC or a vehicle…
04:57…but something dismounted where a commander and leaders on the ground…
05:01…could be continually updated with a real-time…a common operational picture.
05:09At 101st, it created just tons and tons of data, but it was all in individual files, and stored in separate folders.
05:18Some of it was new, some of it was old, we weren't sure about the meta data, the accuracy of the data.
05:24We weren't sure about which one was created first or what's the newest, what's the latest and greatest.
05:30So that was one of the biggest issues, was…go through all their data.
05:34And then, of course, how do we get that data?
05:37At that time, it was on an external hard drive…
05:39…so they said, Here, here's an external hard drive full of individual shapefiles.
05:44I'm Colonel Charlie Wells. I'm the PM for the Distributed Common Ground Station—Army.
05:49We don't have a fully interoperable and standardized geospatial foundation today…
05:53…but we've set a blueprint to implement to that in the future.
05:59If you look at the products that we're fielding now, whether it's DTSS light with the DCGS-enabled system…
06:05…of DTSS light, the geospatial enterprise and the geospatial road map, I think as we go forward we'll set that foundation.
06:15We're actually in the first steps on that path today.
06:19Of course there's tremendous benefit in doing that.
06:21I think from the highest levels of the Army, we realize that's the way we need to go and we'll get there.
06:27We just have to…we have to make it happen.
06:29The way that standardized data and information helps the intelligence community…
06:34…is it really fosters the ability to collaborate and share.
06:38That's one of the powers of DCGS, and specifically in the GEOINT community…
06:42…it's one of the powers of geospatial intelligence.
06:45If we can implement common standards in a common framework, we can really work together…
06:50…to answer the commander's questions to support the warfighter in the field and to be much more effective.
06:56And so that's the real power of the standard framework and the geospatial enterprise.
07:08The Army geospatial enterprise will eliminate redundancy, increase efficiency, and conserve resources…
07:14…by allowing the soldier to collect information once and share it with all.
07:21Okay, so where does geospatial fit in to this vision…
07:26…this vision of a common, sharable, standard geospatial foundation?
07:32Well, if we think of GIS as a platform for enabling operations, we can start on the left…
07:40…with the ability to integrate sensor information and feeds.
07:44That's the ISR mission.
07:49Secondly, facilitating communication and collaboration.
07:53That's command and control.
07:55And then bringing them all together and breaking down barriers.
07:58That's operations in a joint environment.
08:02So this vision is to create one, single, technical architecture that extends the enterprise all the way…
08:10…from national through service intel centers, the AGC, GPCs, down to the brigade, and eventually…
08:19…down to the hands of the individual soldier.
08:22One technical architecture, one information model, one map.
08:29Now traditionally, operations in ISR and C2 have not enjoyed the greatest of synergy.
08:39But we believe with the intelligent application of geospatial technology…
08:44…and open standards, we can devolve this artificial barrier between ops and C2, between ISR and C2.
08:56And we can create this one Army geospatial enterprise that will result in a convergence of ops and intel.
09:07So how are we going to start?
09:11Well, central to this whole vision is the role of the operations server.
09:17Now, this operations server contains all the geospatial data that a brigade might need.
09:23But it's more than that.
09:24It's more than just a data server.
09:26It's a server for apps, maps, and tools, and anything with a geospatial or temporal component.
09:35And that has to be exposed to everyone within the brigade via whatever computing environment is appropriate…
09:44…for the mission whether that be web, embedded, mounted, dismounted, or workstation.
09:53And it has to be available in a 21st century, intuitive interface that resonates well with the 21st century soldier.
10:03It is the heart of the system.
10:06So let's take a look at the operational server and its brigade portal in more detail.
10:11To help me with that, Scott Cecilio.
10:14Thank you, Simon.
10:15And good morning everybody.
10:18Here we have the brigade portal.
10:20This is the main access point for the operations server in the brigade.
10:25This will allow all the brigade to do searches for not only maps, applications, and data…
10:33…but to provide collaboration and dissemination of that information as well.
10:39This has been divided into four main categories.
10:42The first category that we're going to look at is the gallery.
10:47When we select the gallery, we're prompted with the feature content.
10:52And this information is all of the pertinent information for current operations…
10:56…that are current or going on in the brigade AO.
11:01We also have web applications as well as mobile applications that will enable soldiers to load this information…
11:07…onto the mobile devices and take it with them into the field.
11:13When we select the maps portion, we have the topographic basemap over top of our area of operations.
11:22When we zoom in to this area, we are always greeted with the appropriate resolution or scale…
11:30…depending on the level of zoom I have on the area.
11:34When we zoom in extremely tight, not only do we have trees and parks…
11:39…but we also have infrastructure, buildings and roads.
11:46When we add on different basemaps, for instance imagery…
11:50….we have high-resolution colored imagery available to us.
11:55As we zoom out, that level of detail is also fixed upon the scale that we have zoomed in to.
12:06We also have scanned maps available.
12:08And these maps are going to be the most commonly used maps for all soldiers in the Army.
12:13They're used to seeing these through basic training and through their advanced individual training.
12:19And as we zoom out, we are always greeted with that proper scale.
12:26So let's zoom back in a little bit tighter to Jalalabad, and switch back over to my topographic basemap.
12:33And the reason why I want to do this is because I want to stress one point to you…
12:39…that the portal is not only solely for creation of basemap data…
12:44…but allows you to create and use shared data throughout the brigade.
12:51Now my commander…as a new analyst, my commander has tasked me to create a patrol route…
12:58…for the current operations within the next 24 hours.
13:03Being a new analyst, I'm not exactly sure how I can do this…
13:06…but I can utilize my brigade portal in order to help me.
13:12I can search for layers, and when I perform a search on stability I have two results that are found.
13:21To ensure that I'm using the proper data on my slides, I can select the link available to me…
13:29…and I have a little thumbprint of what is actually shown.
13:33Operation Osprey is the patrol route for the current 24 hours…
13:38…so I want to add that information to my map.
13:42We also have the stability operation, which is going to highlight gray list and black list areas in our AO.
13:51So what have I done? I've taken information that has been shared to me on my portal.
13:57I haven't created this information, but I've ended up creating a mashup…
14:02…that not only shows intelligence information, but also patrol planning routes for the next 24 hours.
14:10This is information that I feel I need to share and make sure that the brigade has access to.
14:17In order for me to do that, I can save my map.
14:24I'll just make sure I log in.
14:30And it prompts me to give it a title.
14:34We're going to call it Jalalabad Patrol Routes.
14:41And in order for me to have this information searchable on the brigade portal…
14:45…much like the information I searched for earlier, I have to give it tags, or keywords.
14:52Now, I have the ability to either type these in myself or I can choose from previous tags.
15:00We're going to just give it a summary, say, route clearance, and we're going to save it.
15:09Now it says saving to my content.
15:12Well, let's take a look at what that actually is.
15:16So, we'll go over to the My Content portion, and this is where…
15:19…all of the maps, feature services, layers, and tools that I've contributed to this brigade portal are saved.
15:31We have our Jalalabad patrol routes in the My Content, and when I select that link…
15:38…I'm greeted with a thumbnail image as well as a list of the HML codes…
15:46…or the links or the paths to where those documents…or where the information is located.
15:51Now it's up to me to share this information…
15:54…because by default, the brigade portal does not share any information with anyone besides myself.
16:01So in order for me to get this information out to everyone…
16:03…I'm going to select the Share link and I have two options.
16:06I can either share with everyone that is inside the brigade, or I can share with individual groups.
16:14I'm going to share with the C2 planning and current operations.
16:19Let's take a look at what these actual groups are.
16:22So we're going to select the Groups link.
16:24And I'm currently a member of 20 of these groups.
16:28These groups are focused into areas that have common problems or a common mission…
16:33…and, therefore, need a focused map in order to complete their mission.
16:40Let's take a look at the C2 planning and ensure that the map we just shared is, indeed, in this brigade, or in this group.
16:47Here's our Jalalabad patrol routes.
16:49So everyone in this group will now have access to this information via this simple web interface.
16:56That's a quick wrap-up of the portal.
16:59Let me just…to recap, the operations portal, or operations server, is going to be where you can access…
17:06…all the basemap data as well as any shared information inside of that brigade portal.
17:11The brigade portal is where you will actually create maps, visualize and share that information…
17:17…out with everyone else in the brigade.
17:20We'll be visiting this brigade portal frequently throughout this presentation.
17:24And with that, I'd like to hand it back over to Simon.
17:31So let's move on to the first major consumer of the data, apps, and tools…
17:37…contained in the operations server via the brigade portal.
17:42And that's the intelligence analyst.
17:44In the US, the DCGS—A analyst.
17:48Those analysts are faced with three large challenges.
17:58…number of sensor platforms that are in and above the battlefield.
18:05Secondly, they're provided with a wide array of sophisticated analytical tools…
18:11…which lead to their third challenge, and that is the ability to receive and take adequate training.
18:20In many ways, we're trying to have the DCGS analyst just get on with their job.
18:25Not to be a data manager, but to make sense of all this data…
18:30…and make operational decisions and products to support the military decision making process.
18:37So we've come up with a mechanism to simplify this process for the analyst through the use of templates.
18:46Templates that can capture the most valuable asset in the DCGS enclave…
18:54…and that's the trade craft knowledge of experienced analysts.
18:57The ability to consolidate that into repeatable, simple, standard SOPs…
19:04…that then can be leveraged by more junior, inexperienced analysts.
19:12So let's take a quick look at two such templates in the intelligence analyst's quiver.
19:24Thank you, Simon.
19:27So we've looked at the operations server.
19:29What we're going to look at next is how an analyst will take and use their high-powered desktop software…
19:35…to perform analysis and solve problems.
19:39One of the major problems that we faced with working with soldiers in the field…
19:45…is that they have a very complex problem to solve, but may not have necessarily received…
19:49…the appropriate amount of training in order to complete their mission.
19:53So we've been working with the DCGS—A program to help prepare soldiers…
19:59…get them up and running faster, and make sure that they're fully mission-capable.
20:04And we've been doing this through the creation of templates.
20:08So let's take a look at what one of these templates can do to help improve the workflow of analysts in the Army.
20:15Starting at my brigade portal, I can search for these templates.
20:20And one of the most common templates that solidiers are tasked to find are helicopter landing zones.
20:36These helicopter landing zone templates can then be downloaded from the portal onto the brigade…
20:43…onto the website, and opened up inside of ArcMap.
20:51Here we have a completed template, a finalized HLZ product…
20:56…that will enable me as a new analyst to use this information…
21:00…to create a standardized HLZ product in a different location.
21:09I just had an RFI come in from my command stating that…
21:13…they have an area that they need to have an HLZ created pronto.
21:19So I'm going to switch over to my different views and I'm going to pull up the location for the HLZ.
21:30Now one of the benefits of using these templates is that we've captured the trade craft…
21:35…and experience from more senior analysts.
21:41So when I begin to create my HLZ, I have all these featured templates…
21:49…with all of the layers available to me that I need to use.
21:54So I can begin my digitization and capturing of this HLZ.
22:00And all of the features…I know that all of the layers that I'm adding to this…
22:05…are going to be standardized amongst my brigade.
22:08Because I know that when I switch through different brigades…
22:11…standards change between commands.
22:16So as we digitize and capture this, think of it as…like baking a cake.
22:22I have a recipe for a cake and I have a picture of it.
22:26And what I need to do is then go in and follow the recipe and ensure that the cake is made to standard.
22:36And when it's done, I can switch back over to my other view…
22:45…and I'm greeted with a finalized, completed-to-standard, HLZ product…
22:51…that I can now disseminate out to my brigade.
22:55So how do I do that?
22:59I can either print it and hand that RFI to the pilot and he can take it with him…
23:04…or I can share this as a map package.
23:07And when I share this as a map package, it'll be loaded to my brigade portal and, therefore…
23:14…it will be accessible by everyone.
23:16The map packages include all of the layers, the cartography, as well as any of the tools…
23:22…that I have used inside of this map.
23:28Now, one of the other uses for templates is using it for IPB analysis, or intelligence preparation of the battlefield.
23:38And this is going to be used for military aspects of terrain.
23:43Searching for military terrain…it would help if put that extra i in there…and the r…
24:00…I can scroll down and look for my different templates.
24:07Usually it shows up, and since it didn't today, when we select it we'll have the same option…
24:14…to download it as we did with the HLZ product.
24:20When we open it up, we have a different map that has all the functionality…
24:26…for us to create a military aspects of terrain product.
24:31Shown in here, we have key terrain which involves engagement areas, defensible positions…
24:38…as well as avenues of approach, both friendly and hostile.
24:43We have mobility corridors from brigade all the way down to troop level, and we have the cross-county mobility…
24:50…and this is going to be geared towards a light-wheeled vehicle.
24:55Now, I have now been tasked by my command…
24:58…to do an analysis on the northeast portion of this…of our AO.
25:03We have an accompanied mobility corridor that the enemy has been using…
25:08…and we want to pick up and deploy a surveillance unit in the key area…
25:13…to help us maximize visibility so we can monitor the troop movement.
25:19Using a preexisting high-point analysis done earlier, I'm going to determine…
25:26…I'm going to use my 2,109-meter point and I'm going to go in and create a visibility plot…a viewshed.
25:37Now being a new analyst, I might not necessarily know how to do this.
25:42We have included customized tools inside of our template in order for us to help soldiers find the tools they need.
25:54So I'm going to open up my Visibility by Circle tool, which will allow me to complete this mission…
26:02…and it's going to be a very simple click-and-point movement.
26:07So I'm going to select the year I want to use.
26:09I know that our surveillance team has a one-and-a-half kilometer viewing.
26:15So we'll go out to one-and-a-half kilometers.
26:18And I'll begin to run the tool.
26:21Now while this tool runs, I want to stress the point that this is not dumbing down the system.
26:28Though it might seem very easy to point and drag out a certain radius…
26:32…it's however a very complex model behind this tool that's being run.
26:37And what we're doing is we're taking all of the geospatial processing power…
26:43…and we're condensing it into an easy to use, functional tool…
26:47…so that soldiers in the field will be able to create accurate and timely products.
26:54This tool, for example, is using the underlying elevation data…
26:59…and it's going to create a viewshed showing what area is acceptable for viewing or what areas can be seen.
27:09So here we have a very high visibility upon this corridor.
27:13So this will be information I would need to share and send out to the command.
27:19I can either share this as a map package like we did before…
27:26…or I can share this as a layer package and save and send just the layer package…
27:32…which includes just the symbology for the layer…
27:35…and the geodatabase information supporting it to the command.
27:41Now the important thing to note is that we're not dumbing down the tools…
27:47…we're just helping to improve the workflow of the soldiers.
27:51And with that, I'd like to hand it back over the Simon.
28:00So, we've just seen some demonstrations of how to assist the intelligence analyst simply their workflows.
28:07So, now we need to do something similar for the next stage in the military decision making process…
28:12…and that's C2 planning.
28:15In this context, we will need to give application developers the tools they require…
28:22…to build simple, fast, intuitive tools and applications that can be used by the C2 planner.
28:35These tools can be built out of desktop, they can be embedded in larger C2 systems…
28:41…or they can simply be made out of web APIs.
28:44All of that technology in the US can be provided through NGA's Commercial Joint Mapping Toolkit program.
28:51And we'll just see a quick demonstration of a very simple, Silverlight-based, web tool for patrol planning.
29:01Thank you, Simon.
29:02Scott and I are going to show, like Simon mentioned, this tool for patrol planning.
29:08A patrol planner has certain expertise in planning in the battlefield.
29:16Not necessarily expertise in GIS or specific geospatial technology.
29:21That means that this brigade portal needs tools that help planners…
29:27…without them having to have a bunch of specialized training.
29:31Let's look at what such a tool might look like.
29:33In our portal, we're going to search for patrol planning…
29:35…because we're playing the role of a planner who is going to plan some patrol routes.
29:44We have this intelligent web map that's part of the portal, that uses the operations server.
29:49We can open it in one of the web viewers that is part of the brigade portal.
29:56This is a viewer that uses Silverlight technology…
29:59…and it's going to give us some of the same content that we've seen before.
30:02This topographic basemap, we also see some operational data on top.
30:07Some gray list and black list locations, in addition to patrol routes that have already been run.
30:14The blue lines represent patrol routes that have taken place previously.
30:20And why don't we step through the time slider.
30:22We can look at a week's worth of patrol routes at a time to give us an idea of where we typically run patrol routes.
30:30Now the blue shading is a density analysis…
30:34…a hot spot analysis to show where we very often run patrol routes.
30:40Dark blue shading indicates those areas where we almost always run patrols.
30:45Areas with light blue shading or with no shading at all indicate areas where we very rarely run patrol routes.
30:52So as a planner, we would like to perhaps plan some patrol routes that go through those areas…
30:58…that aren't very often patrolled, and that are near gray list and black list locations.
31:03Let's zoom in to one of the neighborhoods that meet that criteria.
31:08This neighborhood very rarely has patrols going through some of these streets…
31:13…yet there are a couple of incidents there, a couple of gray list and black list locations.
31:18So let's go ahead and plan a patrol through this neighborhood.
31:22Planning the patrol is as simple as just drawing on the map.
31:28So you see we don't have to have a lot of specialized GIS training.
31:33We simply draw our patrol route on the map…
31:36…based on the data that's presented to us, and return back to where we started.
31:41Now we have our patrol route on the map, which is fine for us…
31:45…but at the moment nobody else can see it.
31:47What we need to do, so that others can use this information we've created, is to save this web map.
31:54We can call it something like Patrol Planning_today's date 23 February.
31:59And, you know, if we were to save this then we could share it with other users of the brigade portal…
32:07…like Scott showed previously, where we could share it with certain groups.
32:10Because a group is not only a group of content like web map and things, a group is also a group of users.
32:17So the personnel in the brigade who really need access to this patrol plan…
32:21…that we created using this simple web tool will then have access to it.
32:25And if they want to add comments or modify it or extend it…
32:30… they can do that and they can save it and share it back with us.
32:34This is a good example of one of the many tools that the brigade portal has for personnel in brigade headquarters…
32:43…to get their work done, such as planning, without having to know all of the GIS specifics.
32:50They just know how to do their work.
32:51They know patrol planning.
32:52We give them the simple tools to do this through the brigade portal.
32:57Let's turn it back over to Simon to continue our discussion on planning.
33:02Okay. So now we have our plan.
33:06But what we want to do now is extend this entire enterprise that we've seen so far…
33:10…into the hands of those who are going to prosecute the mission.
33:14We need to give them the most up to date data, the most up to date basemaps…
33:21…and the situational awareness they need to conduct the mission.
33:26Now this has to happen both in a mounted environment and for the dismounted soldier.
33:31But neither of whom can guarantee to be connected all of the time.
33:36So we need to provision them with the tools and the data that they need to get their job done.
33:42And this has to be done quickly.
33:44We cannot wait the days and weeks that it sometimes takes with current systems…
33:50…to provision data into mounted and dismounted C2 clients.
33:55So we've developed some tools and techniques to very quickly provision mounted and dismounted C2 applications.
34:03Gary, can you show us please?
34:09Go ahead and put my display on screen, please.
34:11Thank you, Scott.
34:13Alright. I'm going to demonstrate what Simon discussed, which is provisioning.
34:20Provisioning means taking content from the operations server and getting it ready to deploy to the field.
34:29The issue here is that when we're in the field, whether we're in a vehicle or on foot…
34:34…typically we don't have a nice, fast network connection back to headquarters that's always reliable and always on.
34:41So, things like basemaps that are never going to change, or things like, you know, analytical data…
34:47…like elevation that we need on our device, we want to provision that ahead of time.
34:54The trouble is, some of these devices, especially the handheld devices, don't have a whole lot of storage space.
35:00So rather than have high-resolution data for all of Afghanistan, for example, on a handheld tablet…
35:08…we're going to clip out the section that we need for our mission.
35:12In this case, we have a map, and this is a template that comes from the brigade portal…
35:18…that will help us do this provisioning process.
35:22We have a variety of operational areas and areas of interest drawn on the map.
35:28We're going to zoom into one that's in the immediate Jalalabad area.
35:35And our task here is to prepare the basemaps and elevation data…
35:42…from just this area for deployment onto our handheld and mounted devices.
35:51We have a model that helps us do that…
35:54…go through all the basemaps, export those.
35:57Take the digital elevation model and export that just for this rectangle that's been drawn.
36:02Now, before we run this, let's talk for a moment about data management and data currency.
36:09As we provision our basemaps, we want to make sure that they are as up to date as possible.
36:14So, I'm going to switch hats slightly here and play the role of a data manager.
36:21This is someone who is responsible for making sure that any new data gets incorporated…
36:26…into our overall data collection on the operations server.
36:32In this case, we have on the operations server this image service.
36:37Think of it as an image collection that contains all the imagery that we have.
36:42Let's zoom in a little bit to see a little higher resolution.
36:46We're going to update this imagery.
36:47The scenario here is, we received some new image tiles, and we're going to incorporate those into our image collection.
36:57We have a tool that will help us do that.
37:02This tool is going to scan through a directory that contains the new image tiles that we received.
37:10It's going to add those image tiles to the collection…it's a pretty quick process.
37:15Now as we refresh, watch the dam here, I'm going to refresh the map.
37:20And the new imagery is incorporated.
37:23See how water is flowing through the dam.
37:25It's a newer, more up to date image.
37:28We didn't have to restart any services, and we didn't have to tell users, Log out and log back in.
37:33Nothing like that, it's seamless to the end user.
37:40Now that our data is up to date, let's go back to our provisioning template.
37:45And we just run the model, and this would take about 10 minutes.
37:49In fact, let me just cancel this because we're not going to run through the whole thing.
37:55As much as we'd like to keep you for 10 minutes watching this dialog, we'll expedite here.
38:01The point is, with this provisioning process, it doesn't sound like anything revolutionary…
38:07…but what it means is that we can take content, the same content that's on the server…
38:12…that all these other users have been able to access, and prepare it for these disadvantaged uses…
38:18…these disconnected mobile users, to be able to use great, high-quality, high-resolution content…
38:25…which gives them better awareness of the battlespace.
38:30Simon, back to you.
38:35So let's turn to those clients that we've just provisioned.
38:39Technology in the mobile arena is changing very rapidly.
38:44And those mounted C2 applications must be fast, easy, and simple to develop.
38:52They must use computing resources very efficiently.
38:57We recognize this at Esri…
39:00…and in support of the CJMTK program and our wider use base, we decided to build a brand new product.
39:09A new technology aimed specifically at high performance, embedded clients.
39:15You will have heard about it many times already, called the ArcGIS Runtime.
39:21And ArcGIS Runtime will enable us to build these high-performance, fast, quick, easy applications…
39:28…and deploy them to the mounted and dismounted C2 environments.
39:34So what we're going to demonstrate for you now is a quick look at a runtime application…
39:38…that we've built called Vehicle Commander.
39:46Who was in the plenary session yesterday and saw our in-vehicle application, anybody?
39:52Oh, a few people.
39:53I'm going to show that application and go into a little more detail on it.
39:57Yesterday, we kind of focused on the software, feature, function, things like that.
40:01Today, we'll talk more about how that fits into the brigade story, how that fits into the ArcGIS for the Military offering.
40:10Okay, the scenario here is, we have a machine that is typical of the machine…
40:19…that you would put in a tank or a Humvee in the Army or the Marines.
40:24These machines very often run Linux.
40:26I'm running Linux on this machine.
40:28Very often, they're not the newest, fastest hardware.
40:32I know this isn't like a mountable, rugged laptop here, but this is a laptop that's five or six years old…
40:39…and we did that on purpose to kind of show that the new software runs very well on this older hardware.
40:48Now, traditionally when we wanted to deploy mounted applications, deployment could be very challenging.
40:55You have to install extra things, maybe register some other things.
40:59With the new ArcGIS Runtime, we're going to deploy this in-vehicle application very simply.
41:06All we have to do is mount a drive, and this could be a new hard drive, this could be a network share…
41:12…that we're going to copy from, it could be our mission data loader…
41:16…it could be any place where you can store files and get them onto this computer.
41:20I'm just going to run it from this mounted drive directly.
41:26Now as we start up, it's going to start within just a couple seconds here.
41:33That's one benefit of the new ArcGIS Runtime, is it offers very fast start-up time for applications.
41:41It also offers these high-quality maps.
41:42We have the same basemaps that we looked at…that we've looked at throughout this presentation…
41:47…this imagery, these scanned maps, and these topographic maps.
41:53And they perform very well.
41:54Notice how the map smoothly follows our location.
41:57We don't see white around the edges, we're not waiting for the map to draw; it just draws instantly.
42:04That's one benefit of the new runtime.
42:08This is an application that again, like I said, we built with an in-vehicle use in mind…
42:14…so we have a lot of fat buttons, not a lot of typing that has to be done in this display.
42:20We see our current GPS location on the map.
42:22We also see these blue forces moving around.
42:24Now, of course, typically in the web world when we have things like this, oh, we're sending updates…
42:31…back up to a server and then pulling things down from a server.
42:34In a vehicle or on foot, you're not always going to have fast Internet access…
42:39…or any…well, Internet nothing…network access back to your server.
42:45Probably not going to have it.
42:46If you do have it, it will be once in a while and slow.
42:50So, there are a couple of things that we considered while building the runtime…
42:54…and, specifically, this application template.
42:58One of them is, these basemaps are provisioned to the device.
43:02A moment ago, we talked about provisioning…
43:04…clipping out just the data that we need to put on the device.
43:07And that's what we've done here.
43:09The high resolution data, we just have for the Jalalabad area.
43:12If we zoom out to a lower resolution, we can see more of the country…
43:17…but we just have the low-res data for worldwide.
43:20We have high-res for this immediate area.
43:24The other thing that we've done is, we've engineered runtime in this app to be able to communicate…
43:32…in a peer-to-peer fashion…
43:33…so that if I'm…in fact, let's go ahead and bring up Scott's display on one of the screens.
43:39Scott is running the same application, but he's running on Windows and I'm running on Linux…
43:45…and he is currently displaying the topo map while I'm displaying imagery.
43:50Let me put my map north up for a moment so we can see this a little better.
43:54We can see Scott's unit moving around the map…
44:01…moving around on my map, and we can see my location moving around on his map.
44:06And the way that we envision this is that the application would use low bandwidth radio via…
44:15…for a peer-to-peer-type connection.
44:19Which is what this hardware in the field is capable of doing.
44:23And this runtime application takes advantage of that.
44:28Now, in addition to looking at this data, we can also contribute data back into the system.
44:32For example, we have these simple digital chem lights that we can drop on the map.
44:37And as I drop a chem light on the map, we see it on Scott's display as well as my own.
44:42If we want to do more sophisticated reporting, we can take a full spot report…
44:47…which of course is a standard, simple report that's often filed for an incident in the field.
44:53Again, not much typing here, fat buttons to choose the different field values.
44:59We pick a location on the map, we pick a type of unit that we observed, we send it…
45:05…and it shows up on my display and also Scott's display in standard military symbology.
45:11All of these points, these blue forces, and that…I guess…
45:15…red force spot report there, these are all using the 2525C symbology standard…
45:21…which is built in to the new ArcGIS Runtime.
45:26Now let's show off one more thing here, and we're going to highlight the performance of the new ArcGIS Runtime.
45:35Traditionally, we've had software that can perform well for in-vehicle applications.
45:40It can be a challenge to get it to run well.
45:43ArcGIS Runtime was built with the number one focus on performance.
45:48And to show that, we're going to, again, give away a secret like we did yesterday.
45:52We're obviously simulating these blue force locations.
45:58Right now, we're sending one movement per second in this simulator to our application.
46:04Now we're going to crank it up and send 100 movements per second.
46:09Let's go back to our app, and we'll notice that the application continues to respond to my commands.
46:17It continues to perform well.
46:20We're never waiting for the map to draw; we're never waiting for our blue forces to come in.
46:24They just draw on the map.
46:25So we have thousands of military symbols now being drawn on the map.
46:30And the application continues to perform well.
46:34That was a big focus for us for the new ArcGIS Runtime.
46:38So in summary, we've looked at how you can use the new runtime to build these in-vehicle applications…
46:46…that soldiers and Marines need in their vehicles.
46:51This gives them not only the basemaps that they need, but also operational data and real-time tracking data…
46:59…in order for them to complete their mission more successfully.
47:03And to continue this discussion on mobile applications, let's go back to Simon.
47:12So let's bring this full circle and take it down to the last tactical mile.
47:19We want to extend the entire enterprise that you've seen that started with the DCGS—A analyst…
47:24…into the hands of the individual soldier in a connected, or sometimes connected environment.
47:30Now, these soldiers demand the same kind of technology that we all enjoy from our smartphones…
47:35…the same performance, the ease of application use, the ease of development, and fast, intuitive interfaces.
47:44So again, we've developed some technology based on the runtime SDK for you to be able to build…
47:51…intuitive applications onto smartphones, for example.
47:56And it doesn't matter whether that's iPhone, Windows phone and mobile…
48:00…or, in our case, we're going to demonstrate an Android OS-based tablet application.
48:10Thank you, Simon.
48:17Let me just center this under the camera.
48:19We have here an Android tablet.
48:23We're going to talk for moment about dismounted operations.
48:27Soldiers on the ground, on foot.
48:30We envision them carrying a handheld device like this one.
48:34Now, Android is a handheld platform on which many US military programs have standardized.
48:41Other programs are investigating Android.
48:43It's just one choice of handheld, and it's one that we've focused on for the ArcGIS for the Military effort.
48:52We have an application that lets us sign in as a squad leader, we'll choose a squad.
49:00And it's going to display for us a map.
49:04We actually have a GPS simulator on here, but the application also works with real GPS locations.
49:11It's just that all of our good data is in Jalalabad and not here in DC…
49:16…so we'll wait for a moment for that simulator to start up and zoom us into Jalalabad.
49:23Which I was hoping would happen by now…hmm.
49:28Alright, well, let's just zoom into Jalalabad ourselves, then.
49:33Now on this map, we have access to the same basemaps that we've been looking at…
49:40…throughout this presentation, including this imagery, the topographic and scanned maps.
49:47In all these cases, the basemaps are provisioned onto the device.
49:50Remember what we said about not having a fast, reliable connection back to headquarters in the field.
49:56Really, we only have enough bandwidth for data updates…little reports and things.
50:01So, these big basemaps go on the device.
50:04But provisioned just for the area where we're going to operate, because we don't have all that much storage.
50:10With these spot reports and digital chem lights on the map…
50:14…as well as some blue force information, those are coming from the server.
50:20So this assumes that we're at least sometimes connected.
50:24When we have some connection back to headquarters, we get a data update.
50:29One thing that is being investigated by the military and that we are working on as well is…
50:34…the use of these radios that would connect to the device to be able to send these small-size updates…
50:44…sort of peer-to-peer, between soldiers in the field.
50:48Now let's go ahead and follow our GPS location.
50:51And we see the map moving along with us as we walk down the street.
50:56This application eventually will be released on the ArcGIS defense resource center…
51:07…as part of this brigade portal that's being offered.
51:13So let's summarize what we demonstrated this morning.
51:17What we demonstrated was our way of assisting the Army get to their vision of an Army geospatial enterprise…
51:25…of a common, standard, sharable geospatial foundation based on access to one map…
51:32…throughout the entire ecosystem and one technology that extends from national…
51:38…all the way down to tactical and handheld.
51:42So we're not just going to leave you with this without a little bit more assistance.
51:48And this is where we come back to the ArcGIS for National Government initiative.
51:53So, if you take a look at the website behind me, this is going to be live and you'll be able to access.
52:00We're developing these communities of which defense and intelligence is just one.
52:06So if we go into defense and intelligence on the Resource Center, you'll see that we're going to release…
52:13…a land operations subset, a maritime operations subset, and eventually National Guard and military cities.
52:21So if we go into the land operations community, we're presented with a pretty easy, intuitive interface.
52:29And if we start on the left, we'll get some idea of what exactly is ArcGIS for land operations.
52:34Then we'll go in and look in more detail at the operations server and the portal…
52:39…and the role it plays before finally giving you access to some templates…
52:44…that we're going to develop, load, and support through the Resource Center.
52:50And we're going to make those available so you can easily discover them on the gallery.
52:55So if we go into one such template, I think…is that the scan maps one?
53:02So yes, we give you a thumbnail of what it looks like and some basic description…
53:06…but we also give you full documentation and instructions…
53:10…of how you can take advantage, in this case, of the scan maps template.
53:15So it's more than just a website to discover these tools.
53:20You can discover them, you can download them, and we'll give you help in working them out, too.
53:28If we go back in to land ops, you'll see that yes, we're going to fill it with all these applications…
53:38…but also blog posts and videos that are relevant to the land ops domain.
ArcGIS for the Military—Land Operations
Esri staff share and demonstrate the various ArcGIS tools and resources available for military land operations.
- Recorded: Feb 23rd, 2012
- Runtime: 53:44
- Views: 2020
- Published: Mar 30th, 2012
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