00:01Imagery can be collected from many different platforms.
00:03One of the new trends is UAVs, unmanned aerial vehicles.
00:08We often think of these as the large, expensive military drones, but they also come in more personal sizes...
00:15...like this UAV, this lightweight plane out of New Zealand from AeroHawk.
00:20With the help of my colleague Liz Sarow, imagine the power of your own UAV to monitor the progress...
00:27...of a highway construction project in New Zealand, flying below the clouds, low altitude, high-resolution orthophotography.
00:37Flown on demand, launched from your hands and recovered by a parachute, measuring progress...
00:43...generating 3D terrain models, and quantifying the change.
00:49UAVs are increasingly being used internationally.
00:51However, the FAA is still working through safety guidelines before we can legally fly them in the United States.
00:58But that does not stop us from collecting imagery in the US with piloted planes and helicopters.
01:05So up next with a look at aerial full-motion video, please welcome Ben Conklin.
01:15Thank you, John.
01:17Last week, I was given access to an aircraft to fly a full-motion video collection mission.
01:22We decided to fly some key areas in northern Colorado and southern Wyoming.
01:28As a result of that flight, we captured more than two hours of full-motion video...
01:32...covering about 8,000 square kilometers on the ground.
01:36In order to work with this video inside of ArcGIS, we're going to use the new full-motion video add-in, which is available now.
01:43This add-in lets us manage all the video from our flight.
01:47For example, we flew some video of the burn areas west of Fort Collins from the recent Colorado wildfires.
01:53You can see how this video might be useful for performing damage assessments, especially in remote areas.
02:00We also flew some video of the agricultural fields to the north of Fort Collins.
02:05Full-motion video like this is typically collected from unmanned aerial vehicles, but like in this case...
02:09...you can mount these sensors on other aircraft, like a typical piloted aircraft and possibly even media or police helicopters...
02:16...making this kind of video capture more available in the future.
02:22We also captured some thermal IR video of a chemical facility in Cheyenne.
02:27As we take a look at this chemical facility, let's see how we actually can begin to integrate this video into our GIS.
02:33So you notice there's a couple of key pieces of information which is captured as we're playing back the video.
02:38We can see the location of the aircraft, and then the footprint on the ground of the area covered by the video.
02:43The reason we have this information, is actually captured as part of the video stream, is MISB-compliant metadata.
02:49So it's actually part of the video stream that, as we're playing it back, we grab that information, and we can place it on the map.
02:57So now that we have this information, let's actually see how we could exploit it inside of ArcGIS.
03:02So we're going to zoom in on our facility map, and we'll go to a section of the video that has some new information in it.
03:09So we can see here that our facility map is missing a couple features, specifically those containers which we see in the yard.
03:15So we're going to capture the location of those containers, using our standard editing tools.
03:21So I'm going to go ahead and capture the location of that green container that we see in the video.
03:25But instead of digitizing on the map, I'm actually going to digitize directly on the video.
03:33You notice as soon as I finish my sketch, that green container has now been added to our facility map.
03:40Yeah, pretty cool.
03:44Let's go and collect one more feature, so you can see how that works again.
03:46We're going to capture that red container.
03:48So again, I'm going to digitize directly on the video, finish my sketch, and it's added to the map.
03:55While I'm looking at this video, I notice a couple of fuel trucks sitting here in the parking lot.
04:00Let's go ahead and capture the location of those trucks.
04:03Since these are standard ArcGIS features, we can use all of our analysis tools against them.
04:08In this case, I'm just going to calculate a simple buffer showing the fire safety area around the trucks.
04:14Now that we have that information, let's take a closer look at our video and see if we see any suspicious activity.
04:19So we see a white pickup truck, and it's driving towards the gate.
04:24And in front of the gate, we can see a guard walking back and forth.
04:28We're going to go ahead and take a closer look at that guard.
04:33Seems like he might be engaged in some unsafe activity...not quite sure what it is.
04:38Let's switch over to that thermal IR.
04:41Now we can see it a little bit better.
04:43He's got something glowing in his hand, he's walking...might be some kind of heat source; maybe he's taking a puff on a cigarette.
04:53Oh, my gosh, did you guys see that?
04:55Did you see that?
04:56He flicked his cigarette on the ground, right next to all those fuel trucks.
05:01You guys saw that, right?
05:02Let's look at it again. Let's take another look.
05:06Peel your eyes, take a real close look.
05:08Something's glowing in his hand, he takes a puff, flicks his cigarette onto the ground.
05:18So this is actually pretty cool.
05:20We can see this little cigarette in this guy's hand when we're flying at a mile over the ground, and because of the GIS...
05:25...we know why that's dangerous.
05:27We know about those fuel trucks on the other side of the fence.
05:29So it's a pretty simple example, but you can see the power of bringing the full-motion video into our GIS...
05:36...where we can use our standard tools for feature collection and analysis and ultimately make better decisions.
05:41And we've also seen, watch where you take your smoke breaks.
05:44Thanks. Back to you, John.
05:50Thanks, Ben, and thanks to L-3 for letting us borrow their plane, which is now flying somewhere over Florida.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Ben Conklin disusses unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and how they are used to collect full-motion video for analysis.
- Recorded: Jul 23rd, 2012
- Runtime: 06:06
- Views: 945
- Published: Aug 30th, 2012
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