GeoDesign Features in ArcGIS

At the 2011 GeoDesign Summit, Matthew Baker demonstrates new ArcGIS functionality which enables GeoDesign. 

Jan 6th, 2011

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00:01Hello everybody. Good to be here.

00:03I'm going to talk about one step back from what Bernie just showed us.

00:06We're going to take you back to the desktop, the ArcMap.

00:09Who here has never used GIS before?

00:13Everyone's used GIS, some people have not.

00:14Okay, good.

00:15Well, very simple, right?

00:16Points, lines, and polygons.

00:18The reason we have a GIS, a powerful tool here, is 'cause we attach attributes.

00:23This all gets stored in the database.

00:25Now we create these templates that Bernie was talking about.

00:28And the templates that I'm going to use in this example are going to show us how we can sort of...

00:32...reconnect Redlands to the Metrolink that connects the rest of Los Angeles and the rest of the area.

00:37And we're going to do this using some of the geodesign tools that I've been fortunate enough... work on for the last little while.

00:43And we're going to do some sketching, and we're going to do some on-the-fly analysis...

00:47...on-the-fly charting and summarizing of attributes, and so on.

00:51And remember these concepts, right, so we can symbolize our data based on attributes.

00:55We used to make a map, now we can kind of create the symbols and then make the map as we go.

01:00So let's go into ArcMap here real quick.

01:02We all know about ArcMap.

01:03This is the world topographic map, that community basemap that we just talked about.

01:08This is for the Redlands area.

01:10And this is where we are - right about here.

01:13We can see that.

01:14Way over here is the closest Metrolink station, this is way over in San Bernardino.

01:17So this is the problem with Redlands right now.

01:19How do we get over there without having to drive, or whatever it is.

01:23We want to reconnect it.

01:25Why we have really the geodesign tools with ArcGIS 10 is what we call editing.

01:32When I start editing in ArcMap, I get these templates.

01:35So whatever I create in my map for my symbols, I now have a template that I can literally pick a symbol...

01:41...and start to draw with it.

01:42I have all these tools down here that ask me, how do I want to draw that?

01:46And I'm going to use this nice pen tablet display here.

01:49Just easier for me to draw.

01:51This is a Wacom unit there outside here.

01:54I'm just going to go ahead and say, well, we know that this rail line is going to come down the existing rail line.

02:00I'm just going to draw this in very roughly to about there.

02:04And then I just created data in the database...

02:07...with a symbol that I can analyze, right?

02:10But I'm going to get in a little bit closer here, just to see what the situation is in Redlands.

02:15And as Bernie said earlier, as I zoom in I get a little bit more detail, and this helps guide how...

02:20...I'm going to do the rest of my design.

02:22Let's take my symbol one more time.

02:23Let's just draw in some straight lines here, and I'm going to continue to sketch this in all the way down... the university, and there's the rest of my proposed light rail line.

02:33Now we've got to add stations.

02:34And there's a plan for four stations in the Redlands area, one at the university, there's one downtown...

02:40...where the current train station is, there's one near Esri, and one near the great big shopping complex out there.

02:48So how do I connect that, then, to my analysis?

02:52I'm mostly concerned with how close these things are to where people live.

02:56And so one big thing for me is walkability.

02:58Walkability is a difficult thing to define, so I've just defined it as, well, can I visualize quarter mile...

03:04...half mile, one mile, and outside of that.

03:07And to do that, what I'm going to do is first sketch my features and then I'm going to analyze them.

03:13So I've got my light rail stops in a database, I've got roads in a database, I'm going to tie those two together...

03:19...with a geoprocessing tool, I'm going to run that, and visualize my walkability, okay?

03:25So again, in geodesign we use these tools to sketch, analyze, visualize, go back and make changes... our design, if I like it, I can keep going, design something else.

03:37So let's just press the little button here. I'm just going to launch a geoprocessing tool from the toolbar...

03:42...which is another great thing with ArcGIS 10.

03:45This is going to do some, a little bit of raster analysis in the background and dump it right out to...

03:51...vector one more time, if it refreshes, and there we go.

03:55So what I did was, it just took a look at that data, ran it against the streets, and just shows me...

04:00...what is dark green - a quarter mile, lighter green - a half mile, lightest green - one mile.

04:05How long does it take to walk?

04:07Well, I guess that's up to everybody else, but at least I have a perception now of, well, I live within...

04:11...a half-mile of the Metrolink station; that's important to me.

04:15All right, our next task then.

04:17We've got to pick a place to do some redevelopment.

04:18Now, this is where I like to get kind of hilarious here.

04:22So, let's zoom in on the old downtown.

04:25Now, there's kind of a problem with Redlands right now is that, much like a lot of towns in the US...

04:29...there's a big abandoned mall in the middle of the city, and it kind of, when they put it in, it ruined the connectivity...

04:35...between what is the existing downtown and what was the old downtown.

04:40Here, over here, we have Esri, and there's our nice basemap for the campus, right?

04:44So, what can we do with this?

04:45Well, here's our Metrolink station, so this seems like a good place to do some redevelopment.

04:49Why don't we just do that?

04:51And so I'm going to start editing one more time.

04:52When I zoom in, I have control over which templates appear at which scale.

04:57And this is my sort of my land-use allocation template that I'm going to use.

05:01And we're going to talk about what's in these templates in a moment.

05:04But the first thing I want to do is actually grab this polygon here.

05:08And I think I have it unselectable right now, so let's go into my layer controls here and I just want to save.

05:15For my current zoning, let me grab this. Let me bring it into my potential project area.

05:21Right away I can see that I've got 11 acres I need to redesign.

05:24That's kind of nice.

05:26What do I do from there?

05:27Let's go in and reconnect, first of all.

05:30Let's grab my pedestrian-only street that I want to put in, and let's run it right across.

05:36I'm not much of a fan of cars, so that's a good start for me.

05:41Do I bring this into a public meeting and say, does everyone agree with this?


05:44These are kind of the public participatory planning tools, just to get a sense of what's going on here.

05:50Let's grab some commercial land use here, and I'm just going to sketch this in.

05:54Maybe this side of my whole development's going to be commercial.

05:57I want to talk briefly about what I just did.

06:00So, I drew a square, I see the area, but we also have this concept of a template here.

06:05We did our walkability so we can go through this one more time, so that's fine.

06:10And let's talk about what I just drew.

06:12I just used some commercial for my template.

06:13A polygon, one acre.

06:15It could be commercial, it could be mixed use. Are we going to see all the other templates in there as well?

06:20I can set default attributes for anything that I draw into the database.

06:25And then in this case, I want default attributes to store information about these various environmental indicators.

06:32We have a list that we've come up with that we're going to analyze on the fly when we do this land-use design.

06:38And I'm going to say, for very acre that I draw, this is how much of each indicator is within one acre.

06:45So whenever I draw something, I'm going to actually have these values summarized for me...

06:50...every time I draw a feature.

06:52So let's go back into ArcMap real quick, and let's just see what happens if I put in mixed use...

06:58...and I'm going to actually bring up a chart here.

07:01You've probably seen this last year, but the big thing for me this year is that we can summarize...

07:05...all these attributes on the fly.

07:07So I'm going to take that same layer that I'm drawing into.

07:09Here it is here.

07:10I'm going to grab it and I bring it in once, and I'm going to bring it in twice, and I'll bring it in three times...

07:17...because I'm going to summarize three different attributes on the fly.

07:21So I'm going to have - let's see here - impervious coverage.

07:26How much of my surface is not impervious to rain?

07:29I'm going to have...what else do we have here?

07:32Total jobs created.

07:33And I'm also going to have vehicle miles traveled per person.

07:37Well, nothing in commercial right now.

07:39So why don't I put in some mixed use here.

07:41I'm going to pan over a little bit.

07:43And, let's see what we can do.

07:45Let's sketch this in.

07:50As I release this, the charts all update automatically.

07:55So what it's done is, it's taken all those default attributes, multiplied it against the area...

08:00...and given me a total for each of those parcels that I just added.

08:04That's pretty good.

08:05And I can go in here, remember all these tools are freehand drawing tools and so on, and as I add other polygons...

08:11...those factors get updated as well.

08:13So that's a big thing for me; that's a nice addition to our geodesign tools.

08:18And, what else?

08:19Let's close this for now.

08:20Let's keep going with our design here.

08:22Let's keep in mind that the basemap gives us a nice view of what's going on in Redlands.

08:26I've got the Redlands current zoning in here, so I can see what kind of fits.

08:30I've got some parks over here.

08:32Let's bring in this pedestrian-only street, and let's run one right into this area.

08:37And let's run another right into this area, okay.

08:42So there we go.

08:43Now, I want to cut this one up a little bit.

08:45I'm going to turn off my selectable layer here.

08:51And I'm just going to cut this in half, because what I want to do is convert that mixed use to park.

08:58So I just chopped this mixed use in half.

09:01I'm going to take this one, open up the attributes, and actually change it to Park, okay?

09:08Now we're dealing with a park, and that's kind of my design in this area.

09:11So I think that's...that suits me pretty well right now, pedestrian-only walkway as we keep the vistas open...

09:18...we've got some new things to work with.

09:20Probably cut this commercial in half, too, since we've got this new walkway going through there.

09:27So that's good.

09:28Now, let's do something else kind of fun with ArcMap.

09:31Let's take this land-use thing that we've just designed, and let's bring it all into another map that I've created...

09:36...where I'm going to do some drawing to - if I can drag this and drop it in - let's just copy this, and let's paste it.

09:46And let's go into this data frame.

09:49This one, it's going to be to scale.

09:52I'm going to draw to scale in ArcMap, and this is a lot of fun because I'm going to start to do things like...

09:56...put in some building footprints just to visualize within my new design, then I'm also going... do some park design like Bernie did.

10:03And let's go in and say, well, within my, for my buildings, first of all, let's just go ahead and put in...

10:11...maybe what a building would look like in this area.

10:17And you'll notice that the symbols that I'm drawing with look a lot like the symbols from the topo map over here.

10:22So we're going to use the same kind of representations, cartographic representations that were used in the basemap.

10:24The basemap's very powerful because we can use all the cartographic tools of ArcMap and push it out over the web.

10:34Let's keep going here; I'll draw only maybe one or two more.

10:37And then that'll be that. Where is it, here? There we go. Come on. There we go.

10:48However you want it to look, right?

10:50This is only my design, could be many designs.

10:53Erik mentioned the term "collaboration."

10:57Is that how I want it to look? Maybe.

10:58Let's do one more thing over here.

11:00'Cause I think we're getting the idea.

11:02I'm going to zoom in just into this park area.

11:04And I'm going to just quickly design a little park here.

11:07And it's going to be based around a little pond.

11:09And I'm just going to throw a pond right in the middle.

11:11There it is.

11:12And I'm going to put in some sidewalks, maybe, around the outside.

11:24So you notice how all the symbols are staying relatively the same size, and that's nice for me.

11:28Because when I start to do things like put trees on the map, I can see exactly how wide they are...

11:35...because I know when an oak is mature, it's 20 feet wide, or when a maple's mature...'s 30 feet wide, and so forth.

11:41And, let's do a little bit more here.

11:44Do a little bit more and just start to put in things like a little flower bed, and I'm just going to sketch this out.

11:50This is where the pen comes in handy, right?

11:52Put another little, oops. I'll get rid of that.

11:57And what else?

11:58Here's my, I like these little park benches.

12:01And because they're using representations, I can kind of orient these however I want.

12:05Drop in another one over here.

12:08And rotate.

12:10And...water fountain.

12:13You can see, you can be kind of creative with this stuff, right?

12:16So, that's the last bit of tools for us.

12:20And we're going to take another look at this from a planning perspective.

12:23This is sort of the tools side of it.

12:25But later on at one-thirty this afternoon in the back room, Ahmed and I are going to take this apart in a little more detail...

12:30...with Dr. Klosterman as well, so I encourage you to come over there, let us know what you think.

12:34And again, ArcGIS 10. Editing. Cartographic representations.

12:37We've got geoprocessing, we've got dynamic attribute calculations, dynamic charting.

12:42Oh, one more thing I forgot to tell...oh, I'll tell it later on.

12:45There you go. Okay.

12:46So I'll hand it back over to...

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