ArcGIS Deployment Patterns

Ismael Chivite describes the various ArcGIS deployment patterns you can use to deliver GIS capabilities within your organization.

Jun 27th, 2013

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00:01In this presentation, I'm going to describe different ArcGIS deployment patterns.

00:08The goal is really to put the ArcGIS portfolio products in context...

00:12...so you can understand how you can deliver GIS capabilities within your organization with the ArcGIS products.

00:20At a high level, ArcGIS can be thought of made out of different components.

00:26One of them are the apps. These apps are important because that's how people experience ArcGIS.

00:32Now these apps are powered by GIS [unintelligible] infrastructure, which you see represented in this slide.

00:40And the next slides, I will actually go into the details of what these different apps in GIS infrastructure really mean.

00:46As I said, apps are important, because that's how people experience ArcGIS.

00:51ArcGIS has a wide collection of different applications.

00:55They range from professional-grade applications, such as ArcGIS Desktop...

01:00...to simple mapping applications that run within your mobile device or a web browser.

01:06ArcGIS applications can also run embedded within tools like Microsoft Office...

01:12...IBM Cognos, SAP, MicroStrategy, and many others.

01:16The apps are supported by ArcGIS [unintelligible] infrastructure.

01:19And one of the components of this infrastructure are the GIS servers.

01:23GIS servers are important because they help you access your data...

01:28...could be a file, a database, or maybe real-time streams of data...

01:34...and transform them into web services.

01:36That's how we put GIS capabilities on the network, so they can be accessed by anywhere and at any time.

01:43GIS server technology is really about transforming your data into things that people can access over the web.

01:50If GIS servers are about your data, ArcGIS ready-to-use content is about...

01:56...contextual information that you will use to complement your own datasets.

02:00Ready-to-use content includes basemaps, like street maps, imagery, but also demographic data, and so on.

02:08The beauty of ArcGIS is that you can put together these GIS services that represent your own data, and the ready-to-use content...

02:16...and come up with useful information products; information products that really people understand.

02:21ArcGIS has mapcentric content management system. I will refer to it here as "the portal."

02:28The portal is basically an abstraction layer that allows you to transform data into...

02:33...information products, but also control who can access what.

02:37This is helpful to make sure that sensitive information doesn't get in the wrong hands...

02:42...but also to make sure that people have access to relevant information to them, not just everything.

02:48The portal is really at the heart of the center of the ArcGIS system and connects your data with people with apps.

02:57Now you can see that we went through some of the details.

03:00You can see the apps component of ArcGIS on the left, the GIS infrastructure.

03:05And I described different aspects of it, the servers, the portal, and also the ready-to-use content.

03:12In the next slide, what I will do is to try to align the ArcGIS portfolio of products with these generic concepts.

03:21It's not obvious sometimes, when we talk about ArcGIS Online...

03:24...but ArcGIS Online actually delivers these three components, and they can be used all together or separately.

03:31Second, we have software offering for these concepts, the portal, the GIS servers, and the content.

03:38So if you want, say, the same map-centric content management system and collaboration tools...

03:44...as you've seen ArcGIS Online, we have a product called Portal for ArcGIS.

03:48This is actually a new product in the 10.2 release.

03:51It's delivered, or packaged, as an extension to ArcGIS Server.

03:55Because, in fact, ArcGIS Server is kind of the on-premises or ArcGIS in-your-own-infrastructure product.

04:03If everything revolves in the cloud around ArcGIS Online...

04:07...when it comes to deliver ArcGIS within your own infrastructure, all revolves around ArcGIS Server.

04:13As you can see here, also for the content component, we have an offering the ArcGIS Data Appliance...

04:19...that allows you to get all the ready-to-use services, but in your own servers as an appliance.

04:25Here you can see different deployment patterns.

04:28And the trick here is that while all of these components exist of the SaaS tier and also at the software tier...

04:35...you can combine them as you see fits better for your deployment needs.

04:43So, if you really want to deliver ArcGIS, why would you pick SaaS, or software, or a combination of both?

04:50Well there are different factors to get to that decision.

04:54First, is how much it's going to cost you, energy-wise, time, money. What are the actual capabilities that you need?

05:02Because not everything is delivered equally at the different tiers.

05:06And finally, some things, the deployment pattern of ArcGIS, is really influenced by constraints that dictate...

05:12...well, whether you choose elements in the cloud or on-premises.

05:16Here is one typical deployment pattern. I will call it "ArcGIS without the box."

05:21Because everything runs in the cloud - your apps work against Portal, GIS servers, and content that are delivered as software as a service.

05:30The beauty of this deployment pattern is that you don't have to worry about the GIS infrastructure, because it's hosted by Esri.

05:36Tulip Oil is a company from The Netherlands and they adopted this pattern. Why?

05:41Well, they wanted to get access to GIS capabilities and they wanted that to be happening very quickly.

05:48So, they were not willing to spend a lot of time setting up an infrastructure.

05:53Also, the capabilities that we provide through our ArcGIS Online implementation were sufficient for them.

06:00They needed simple mapping tools that could be accessed from web browsers, tablets, mobile devices.

06:07ArcGIS Online is in fact an excellent entry point into ArcGIS.

06:11Another deployment pattern combines this software as a service tier of ArcGIS, ArcGIS Online with ArcGIS Desktop.

06:19And this is a deployment pattern that is more typical among existing ArcGIS Desktop users.

06:25Some of them have been using Desktop for years and they want now to share their work over the web and through mobile devices, and so on.

06:34The city of York in Pennsylvania is a great example.

06:37They created many maps with Desktop for many years...

06:40...but somehow they wanted to unlock these Desktop maps and make them available to people in the field...

06:46...particularly first responders that were carrying mobile devices or smartphones.

06:52So they basically used ArcGIS Online as an easy way to get their Desktop maps into the cloud...

06:59...and immediately make them available on the web, not for everybody necessarily.

07:04They can control actually who can access these maps.

07:07But again, in this case, they don't have to worry about the GIS infrastructure.

07:11Everything's pushed to the cloud and we share all these web services and web maps using our own infrastructure.

07:19Here's a hybrid approach, where people decide to combine some aspects of the ArcGIS system...

07:26...in the software tier and some in the software-as-a-service tier.

07:31This is a particularly interesting pattern for people who already have ArcGIS Server.

07:36The European Environmental Agency, for example, has been using ArcGIS Server for many years to deliver map services on the web.

07:44But they soon recognized the value of adding, complementing their ArcGIS Server deployment with the notion of a portal.

07:53Why? Because the portal allows them to very quickly create web apps on top of their ArcGIS services...

07:58...transform these services into information products that can be easily discovered...

08:03...and used from many different applications, almost effortlessly.

08:08So the next decision was, well, should I access the portal in my own infrastructure?

08:14Should I set it up or should I leverage the portal that already is available through ArcGIS Online?

08:21And for them, since many of these map services are meant to be public...

08:24...and the fact that ArcGIS Online is ready to go, they simply went and used it.

08:29So they kept older ArcGIS Server services and data within their own data center...

08:35...and then they delivered the ArcGIS Online portal component...

08:39...the front-end management system to deliver their web maps on the web.

08:45In their case, they have constraints. There are regulations that prevent them from moving data into the cloud.

08:50So they kept the data out within their own data center.

08:53But they also had cost constraints. How much time do I need to implement this portal?

08:59ArcGIS Online was an easy decision for them. It's there - they just need to use it.

09:04So you can get the best of ArcGIS Server and the best of using the Portal in the cloud.

09:09As you can see, the European Environmental Agency has also taken advantage of ready-to-use services.

09:14And they as well are coming from our ArcGIS Online offering.

09:19This company, Verizon, well, they chose a slightly different deployment pattern.

09:23They, too, recognized the value of the portal, but they had security concerns.

09:29They also had unique requirements to integrate their ArcGIS systems, servers, and portals...

09:34...with other third-party components that were running within their own organization.

09:40So as you can see, the constraints are playing a big game here.

09:43Security was key. For Verizon, they were not willing to compromise that.

09:49In their case, they chose to implement Portal for ArcGIS along with ArcGIS Server...

09:54...which obviously takes time and planning, as well, but gives you additional advantages.

10:01They truly can take advantage of all the capabilities of ArcGIS Server...

10:05...because the portal and the servers are working not only together, but also very close...

10:10...and they can also integrate much better with their own IT infrastructure, such as security, and so on.

10:17But you can see as well that they are kind of using a hybrid approach...

10:20...where they are actually fetching ArcGIS Online services from the cloud.

10:26It is really a very practical approach to enrich your existing maps with ready-to-use content.

10:32Finally, ArcGIS in a box. That's how I will define this deployment pattern...

10:36...where absolutely every component of ArcGIS is delivered within a box.

10:43You have the portal, the servers, the apps, and even the data, all shipping in an appliance.

10:50This is kind of an exotic deployment pattern because not everybody needs to have...

10:56...even their ready-to-use services in their own infrastructure.

10:59But some people that don't have an Internet connection...

11:01...or maybe they don't have a reliable Internet connection, choose to go with this pattern. And that's fine.

11:09The beauty of the ArcGIS system is that regardless of your needs...

11:13...you can deploy it, completely in the cloud, completely on-premises, or anything in between.

11:19And I think that's the conclusion or the moral of this story.

11:22ArcGIS is really not about the cloud. It's not really about Linux or servers or Windows.

11:28ArcGIS is really about geography and how you can get these geographic tools and maps into the hands of people.

11:34And how you would choose to make that happen, is actually your choice.

11:39We support deployments completely in the cloud, completely on-premises, or anything in between.

11:44Thank you for your attention.

Copyright 2014 Esri
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