ArcGIS Deployment Patterns

Ismael Chivite describes the various ArcGIS deployment patterns you can use to deliver GIS capabilities within your organization.

Jun 27th, 2013

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00:01In this presentation, I'm going to describe different ArcGIS deployment patterns.

00:08The goal is really to put the ArcGIS portfolio products in context... you can understand how you can deliver GIS capabilities within your organization with the ArcGIS products.

00:20At a high level, ArcGIS can be thought of made out of different components.

00:26One of them are the apps. These apps are important because that's how people experience ArcGIS.

00:32Now these apps are powered by GIS [unintelligible] infrastructure, which you see represented in this slide.

00:40And the next slides, I will actually go into the details of what these different apps in GIS infrastructure really mean.

00:46As I said, apps are important, because that's how people experience ArcGIS.

00:51ArcGIS has a wide collection of different applications.

00:55They range from professional-grade applications, such as ArcGIS Desktop... simple mapping applications that run within your mobile device or a web browser.

01:06ArcGIS applications can also run embedded within tools like Microsoft Office...

01:12...IBM Cognos, SAP, MicroStrategy, and many others.

01:16The apps are supported by ArcGIS [unintelligible] infrastructure.

01:19And one of the components of this infrastructure are the GIS servers.

01:23GIS servers are important because they help you access your data...

01:28...could be a file, a database, or maybe real-time streams of data...

01:34...and transform them into web services.

01:36That's how we put GIS capabilities on the network, so they can be accessed by anywhere and at any time.

01:43GIS server technology is really about transforming your data into things that people can access over the web.

01:50If GIS servers are about your data, ArcGIS ready-to-use content is about...

01:56...contextual information that you will use to complement your own datasets.

02:00Ready-to-use content includes basemaps, like street maps, imagery, but also demographic data, and so on.

02:08The beauty of ArcGIS is that you can put together these GIS services that represent your own data, and the ready-to-use content...

02:16...and come up with useful information products; information products that really people understand.

02:21ArcGIS has mapcentric content management system. I will refer to it here as "the portal."

02:28The portal is basically an abstraction layer that allows you to transform data into...

02:33...information products, but also control who can access what.

02:37This is helpful to make sure that sensitive information doesn't get in the wrong hands...

02:42...but also to make sure that people have access to relevant information to them, not just everything.

02:48The portal is really at the heart of the center of the ArcGIS system and connects your data with people with apps.

02:57Now you can see that we went through some of the details.

03:00You can see the apps component of ArcGIS on the left, the GIS infrastructure.

03:05And I described different aspects of it, the servers, the portal, and also the ready-to-use content.

03:12In the next slide, what I will do is to try to align the ArcGIS portfolio of products with these generic concepts.

03:21It's not obvious sometimes, when we talk about ArcGIS Online...

03:24...but ArcGIS Online actually delivers these three components, and they can be used all together or separately.

03:31Second, we have software offering for these concepts, the portal, the GIS servers, and the content.

03:38So if you want, say, the same map-centric content management system and collaboration tools... you've seen ArcGIS Online, we have a product called Portal for ArcGIS.

03:48This is actually a new product in the 10.2 release.

03:51It's delivered, or packaged, as an extension to ArcGIS Server.

03:55Because, in fact, ArcGIS Server is kind of the on-premises or ArcGIS in-your-own-infrastructure product.

04:03If everything revolves in the cloud around ArcGIS Online...

04:07...when it comes to deliver ArcGIS within your own infrastructure, all revolves around ArcGIS Server.

04:13As you can see here, also for the content component, we have an offering the ArcGIS Data Appliance...

04:19...that allows you to get all the ready-to-use services, but in your own servers as an appliance.

04:25Here you can see different deployment patterns.

04:28And the trick here is that while all of these components exist of the SaaS tier and also at the software tier... can combine them as you see fits better for your deployment needs.

04:43So, if you really want to deliver ArcGIS, why would you pick SaaS, or software, or a combination of both?

04:50Well there are different factors to get to that decision.

04:54First, is how much it's going to cost you, energy-wise, time, money. What are the actual capabilities that you need?

05:02Because not everything is delivered equally at the different tiers.

05:06And finally, some things, the deployment pattern of ArcGIS, is really influenced by constraints that dictate...

05:12...well, whether you choose elements in the cloud or on-premises.

05:16Here is one typical deployment pattern. I will call it "ArcGIS without the box."

05:21Because everything runs in the cloud - your apps work against Portal, GIS servers, and content that are delivered as software as a service.

05:30The beauty of this deployment pattern is that you don't have to worry about the GIS infrastructure, because it's hosted by Esri.

05:36Tulip Oil is a company from The Netherlands and they adopted this pattern. Why?

05:41Well, they wanted to get access to GIS capabilities and they wanted that to be happening very quickly.

05:48So, they were not willing to spend a lot of time setting up an infrastructure.

05:53Also, the capabilities that we provide through our ArcGIS Online implementation were sufficient for them.

06:00They needed simple mapping tools that could be accessed from web browsers, tablets, mobile devices.

06:07ArcGIS Online is in fact an excellent entry point into ArcGIS.

06:11Another deployment pattern combines this software as a service tier of ArcGIS, ArcGIS Online with ArcGIS Desktop.

06:19And this is a deployment pattern that is more typical among existing ArcGIS Desktop users.

06:25Some of them have been using Desktop for years and they want now to share their work over the web and through mobile devices, and so on.

06:34The city of York in Pennsylvania is a great example.

06:37They created many maps with Desktop for many years...

06:40...but somehow they wanted to unlock these Desktop maps and make them available to people in the field...

06:46...particularly first responders that were carrying mobile devices or smartphones.

06:52So they basically used ArcGIS Online as an easy way to get their Desktop maps into the cloud...

06:59...and immediately make them available on the web, not for everybody necessarily.

07:04They can control actually who can access these maps.

07:07But again, in this case, they don't have to worry about the GIS infrastructure.

07:11Everything's pushed to the cloud and we share all these web services and web maps using our own infrastructure.

07:19Here's a hybrid approach, where people decide to combine some aspects of the ArcGIS system... the software tier and some in the software-as-a-service tier.

07:31This is a particularly interesting pattern for people who already have ArcGIS Server.

07:36The European Environmental Agency, for example, has been using ArcGIS Server for many years to deliver map services on the web.

07:44But they soon recognized the value of adding, complementing their ArcGIS Server deployment with the notion of a portal.

07:53Why? Because the portal allows them to very quickly create web apps on top of their ArcGIS services...

07:58...transform these services into information products that can be easily discovered...

08:03...and used from many different applications, almost effortlessly.

08:08So the next decision was, well, should I access the portal in my own infrastructure?

08:14Should I set it up or should I leverage the portal that already is available through ArcGIS Online?

08:21And for them, since many of these map services are meant to be public...

08:24...and the fact that ArcGIS Online is ready to go, they simply went and used it.

08:29So they kept older ArcGIS Server services and data within their own data center...

08:35...and then they delivered the ArcGIS Online portal component...

08:39...the front-end management system to deliver their web maps on the web.

08:45In their case, they have constraints. There are regulations that prevent them from moving data into the cloud.

08:50So they kept the data out within their own data center.

08:53But they also had cost constraints. How much time do I need to implement this portal?

08:59ArcGIS Online was an easy decision for them. It's there - they just need to use it.

09:04So you can get the best of ArcGIS Server and the best of using the Portal in the cloud.

09:09As you can see, the European Environmental Agency has also taken advantage of ready-to-use services.

09:14And they as well are coming from our ArcGIS Online offering.

09:19This company, Verizon, well, they chose a slightly different deployment pattern.

09:23They, too, recognized the value of the portal, but they had security concerns.

09:29They also had unique requirements to integrate their ArcGIS systems, servers, and portals...

09:34...with other third-party components that were running within their own organization.

09:40So as you can see, the constraints are playing a big game here.

09:43Security was key. For Verizon, they were not willing to compromise that.

09:49In their case, they chose to implement Portal for ArcGIS along with ArcGIS Server...

09:54...which obviously takes time and planning, as well, but gives you additional advantages.

10:01They truly can take advantage of all the capabilities of ArcGIS Server...

10:05...because the portal and the servers are working not only together, but also very close...

10:10...and they can also integrate much better with their own IT infrastructure, such as security, and so on.

10:17But you can see as well that they are kind of using a hybrid approach...

10:20...where they are actually fetching ArcGIS Online services from the cloud.

10:26It is really a very practical approach to enrich your existing maps with ready-to-use content.

10:32Finally, ArcGIS in a box. That's how I will define this deployment pattern...

10:36...where absolutely every component of ArcGIS is delivered within a box.

10:43You have the portal, the servers, the apps, and even the data, all shipping in an appliance.

10:50This is kind of an exotic deployment pattern because not everybody needs to have...

10:56...even their ready-to-use services in their own infrastructure.

10:59But some people that don't have an Internet connection...

11:01...or maybe they don't have a reliable Internet connection, choose to go with this pattern. And that's fine.

11:09The beauty of the ArcGIS system is that regardless of your needs... can deploy it, completely in the cloud, completely on-premises, or anything in between.

11:19And I think that's the conclusion or the moral of this story.

11:22ArcGIS is really not about the cloud. It's not really about Linux or servers or Windows.

11:28ArcGIS is really about geography and how you can get these geographic tools and maps into the hands of people.

11:34And how you would choose to make that happen, is actually your choice.

11:39We support deployments completely in the cloud, completely on-premises, or anything in between.

11:44Thank you for your attention.

Copyright 2016 Esri
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