00:01The Bavarian State Forest Administration is empowering users to do their work...
00:06...more efficiently using ArcGIS with a simple-to-use, focused application built for disconnected use...
00:13...in the field, or in this case, the forest.
00:16All the way from Germany, please welcome Christian Simbeck.
00:25Thank you. Guten morgen, meine damen und herren. Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.
00:30In Germany, the Bavarian State Forest Administration is responsible for roughly 9,300 square miles...
00:36...of mostly private-owned forest in Bavaria, which is about almost one-third of Bavaria's total state area.
00:43Our administration consists of a ministry in Munich and 49 offices with 340 forest districts around our state.
00:51We've got a broad variety of tasks and duties; for example, law enforcement, the counseling of 700,000...
00:57...private forest owners, the promotion of forestry, scientific research, and some more.
01:02But we've also got an interesting, unique staff of 1,200 foresters and employees, many of whom represent...
01:09...the unique demographic as you might see on the picture.
01:12And as you might feel, our foresters are not the type of people that love to work with fancy computers at their desktops.
01:18So our mission as a project team was to provide these foresters with the right tools...
01:23...to help them achieve their mission, optimize their workflow, be more productive, and also not be intimidating.
01:29Of course, nobody told us how.
01:32So let me share some of the secret lessons we learned to achieve this goal.
01:35First of all, do precise requirements engineering.
01:39It is definitely worth the time.
01:41Get the answers to at least the three following questions...
01:44...Who are your users or stakeholders, and what are their characteristics?
01:48Where do they work?
01:50Maybe disconnected in some Bavarian forest, connected online in some office, or both.
01:56And, what are their workflows?
01:58Don't just focus on maps or the required information products, but look what they are doing step by step.
02:04So we came up with a design of the Bavarian Forest Information System, an enterprise GIS...
02:09...that is usable in the forest in a disconnected mode as well as in the office in the online mode...
02:15...sporting bidirectional synchronization capabilities and with only one user interface.
02:20It consists of a growing number of special task applications we developed for our task...
02:25...with our solution partner, the company [unintelligible] of Germany.
02:29So...how does it work?
02:32Let me give you a quick tour.
02:38At first glimpse, you see a quite simple user interface.
02:41You see big buttons you can touch with your finger, even a forester finger, and it has a built-in GPS...
02:45...so position reference is no problem, and it's almost like a toy.
02:50So it's really nothing to frighten a 65-year-old Bavarian forester one year before retirement.
02:58We call this application Wald Abgrenzung...funny German word.
03:02I will translate it to forest delineation...let's go into some detail.
03:07Maybe our forester was counseling a private forest owner in here, and, yeah, he used his GPS to position himself...
03:14...and then he walks back to his car which is parked on this nice Bavarian farm.
03:18You see solar panels on the roof, so it's a nice farm.
03:21And he sees a newer forestation area in this...in here, and it's obviously not depicted on this aerial image...
03:29...and it's also not depicted on the official map of the Bavarian Land Survey Administration.
03:33There should be some green in here, but there's only red for building areas with buildings.
03:38So our forester knows exactly what to do.
03:40He has to create the new forest area directly on the map as part of a redlining process.
03:45He pushes one button, a wizard opens up.
03:47He says, okay, I want to create a new forest area as part of a parcel.
03:51Then he goes on.
03:53He has to indicate which parcel.
03:54Should be that one.
03:56Then he's able to draw the new forest area right into the map, roughly around the edges, maybe like that.
04:04He does an intersection, gets the message successfully executed, goes along...
04:09...and he gets a warning because he has touched land use, a former land use of buildings...
04:14...the red one, but he says, It's okay...I want to proceed that way.
04:17And then he has to fill in the reason for this new forest area.
04:23It should be a newer forestation in this case.
04:25He can fill in some remarks as voluntary input, and one click, and he's done with his work.
04:31A rather...I'd say, complex GIS task done very easily for our forester.
04:36He has nothing to know about snapping on boundaries, topological consistencies...
04:41...and all the GIS complexity in the background.
04:43He just did it.
04:45And the last remaining question is, Do we really achieve our mission and are more productive?
04:49So let's take a look at some performance metrics out of another task application we call Forstliches Gutachten...
04:55...which could be translated to Wildlife Damage Survey.
04:59Every three years, about five million surveys on forests--young forest trees--are carried out...
05:04...in Bavaria's forest to adjust our hunting activities.
05:07It is done by 700 foresters in just three months.
05:10You see the green line on this chart.
05:11This is the accumulated data flow of the 2009 survey, which is carried out...
05:15...using handheld computers without GIS.
05:19You see the yellow line on the chart.
05:21This is the accumulated data flow of 2012 where we used the Bavarian Forest Information System...
05:26...with the benefits of a mobile GIS, resulting in almost two times more efficiency.
05:32So our administration is happy with the system...
05:34...and most of our 1,200 users, 1,200 users in Bavaria, we use it every day.
05:39Love to work with it.
05:41And there's not much more a project manager could ask.
05:44So the next time you design an application, never forget, who is your audience?
05:50Where do they have to work?
05:51Maybe in an isolated Bavarian forest, and what can you do to improve their efficiency?
05:56Thank you very much.