Charlie FItzpatrick introduces Dominique Evans-Bye, a science teacher at Clark Magnet High School in La Crescenta, California, and her student Yeprem Chavdarian, who demonstrate how students use GIS for a variety of projects ranging from marine science research to other current environmental issues.
Jul 11th, 2011
00:01Also I want to acknowledge a really special guy in my life.
00:03His name is Charlie Fitzpatrick.
00:06He has been in charge of the K–12 program at Esri and has changed thousands and thousands of kids' lives...
00:14...by working with teachers to bring geoprocessing, GIS, geography into schools.
00:20So Charlie, could you come out here? Oh, you're already here.
00:24And introduce a special teacher and a special kid this year.
00:27You bet. Thanks, Jack.
00:33Around the world, GIS is growing.
00:38There are programs building in many countries, and here in the States, there are now thousands of schools...
00:45...hundreds of clubs, dozens of districts, and even a score of states with licenses in place or pending.
00:54But there's a darker picture.
00:56With funding and support slashed, and education standards shifting...
01:04...and teachers with salaries being tied to test scores despite directives to promote critical thinking...
01:21I want you to think about an educator that has made a difference in your life.
01:27This is a person who knew about many things, and most important, he or she knew how to help you build knowledge...
01:38...and discover key lessons about the world and about yourself.
01:43This was not your easiest teacher but someone who knew how to feed your mind and spirit with knowledge...
01:51...and direction but also challenge and independence.
01:58Teachers today must do much more with much less.
02:04And from the highest office in the land on down, they're being asked to promote STEM...
02:11...which is science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.
02:16There are many STEM teachers, and even STEM-focused schools, but surprisingly...
02:22...most of those have not heard of GIS nor yet learned how geographic thinking solves problems...
02:30...nor how to build mapping and analyzing data into their activities.
02:38They need a hand from someone who knows how to do it, someone in their community like you.
02:47Can you make a difference all by yourself?
02:50Absolutely. We know it because teachers have learned how to do this and they have built this into their classes.
02:58This year's highlight school did it.
03:01Clark Magnet School in the Los Angeles area serves many underprivileged kids...
03:07...but they provide a lot of opportunity to them and expect a lot of them.
03:13One teacher learned GIS several years ago and built a home for it.
03:19As you catch their story, think about where you might be able to find a STEM school or a STEM teacher...
03:27...in your neighborhood, in your community, and help them discover GIS.
03:35From Clark Magnet High School in La Crescenta, California, please welcome science teacher...
03:41...Dominique Evans-Bye and rising senior Yeprem Chavdarian.
03:54Thank you, Charlie.
03:55I've found that students want to make a difference.
03:58They give their best when they have the opportunity to do something positive for their community and their environment.
04:03A project has to be relevant to hold their interest; it's just common sense.
04:08There are a number of competitions out there that challenge students to apply the science...
04:12...they may not think is so relevant to original projects that do make a difference.
04:21And GIS is a perfect bridge between the scientific principles taught in core classes and relevant problems students can solve.
04:30One student created a video out of materials from the last few years...
04:34...that showcases a little about our school and how we use GIS.
04:39I did the voice-over for the video, but other than that, it's entirely student created. Enjoy.
04:46[Video playing] Clark Magnet High School is located in La Crescenta, California.
04:49Clark is a science and technology magnet within the Glendale Unified School District.
04:54These six skills are reinforced and built upon throughout the high school experience...
04:58...culminating in a senior project required for graduation.
05:01Clark has developed a robust career technical education program through a partnership...
05:06...with the Los Angeles County Regional Occupation Program.
05:10All students take ROP courses at Clark.
05:13These courses help them consider various career options and provide experience for an edge in a competitive job market.
05:20One unique program, developed by teacher Dominique Evans-Bye, synthesizes STEM education into one GIS class...
05:27...Marine Science Research.
05:29In her class, students learn the biology and ecology of the Southern California ecosystem as they learn to use ArcGIS.
05:37They learn CAD by creating models of remotely operated vehicles, or ROVs, used in marine research.
05:43They build their ROV designs using PVC pipe and bilge pump motors.
05:48Using ArcGIS, students investigate how variables, such as sea surface temperature or marine protected areas...
05:54...affect the abundance and distribution of marine life.
05:57Students examine contamination and bioaccumulation in the marine environment by collecting samples...
06:02...and performing chemical analyses.
06:05Some students take the research further and enter their projects in competitions, such as the Lexus Eco Challenge.
06:12This past year, one group of 11th/12th-grade students, who called themselves the Eco Savers...
06:17...won every category of the Lexus Eco Challenge by entering GIS projects.
06:22Students mapped the organic and inorganic contamination in California's spiny lobster.
06:27Arsenic turned out to be the biggest problem we have here, with some lobster having up to 43 parts per million in their tissues.
06:35In the Air/Climate challenge, students tied in climate change affecting the frequency and severity of storms.
06:41They used HAZUS, software from FEMA which integrates with ArcGIS...
06:45...to do a risk analysis of flooding in the Glendale Unified School District.
06:49They found that all the schools within a thousand feet of flood control channels were elementary and preschools.
06:56A number of children in Los Angeles have been swept away in flood control channels.
07:00The Santa Monica Seafood Company donated lobster tails from east Canada, South Africa, Nicaragua, and West Australia.
07:08The marine science students again analyzed tissue samples at IIRMES, and the Eco Savers team mapped the results.
07:15They won the grand prize in the final challenge...
07:18...and were awarded over $70,000 in student scholarships and grants to their school.
07:24State senator Carol Liu spoke at the awards assembly, presented the team with awards of recognition for their achievements.
07:32The students didn't stop there.
07:34They went on to document how contaminants travel from the land to the sea...
07:38...in the LA County Department of Public Works Streets to Sea Challenge.
07:42Here, the students used HAZUS to generate stream networks through the study area and illustrate the direction water flows...
07:49...the land to the storm drains and out to sea.
07:52Now students are partnering with Calflora to document invasive plants both at the Channel Islands and in our local foothills.
08:00Students have hiked trails at Catalina and Santa Cruz Islands and recorded invasive plants found there.
08:07One student used a Trimble GPS and mountain bike to map the trails in the foothills.
08:12Student hikers will retrace the plants and document local invasives to compare with those found at the islands.
08:18We used marine science to hook the students' interest in STEM-related fields and teach some GIS...
08:23...knowing those skills will translate to any college major or career. [End video]
08:29As you saw, we did several big projects through the year.
08:32The most analytical of these was our flood risk project.
08:36Yeprem Chavdarian has been in my class for two years and has been an integral part of all these projects.
08:42I'd like to have him demonstrate to you some of the work he did with HAZUS.
08:49As a second-year GIS student, I've had the chance to use GIS to address current environmental issues...
08:56...by documenting and analyzing data in my mapping projects.
09:01By using FEMA's HAZUS software and ArcGIS, my team was able to identify potential safety hazards in our community.
09:11Southern California in general gets very little rainfall.
09:14When it does rain hard, our flood control channels are designed to take water quickly away.
09:24We wanted to assess the flood risk to schools in the Glendale Unified School District so used HAZUS to do a level 2 analysis.
09:35Here you can see the LA Basin as well as the Channel Islands.
09:39Our school is located in northern Los Angeles, shown by the green pin on the map.
09:46We used HAZUS to define our study area, which was our district.
09:59We also used HAZUS to generate a DEM and then developed a stream network.
10:06We chose to focus on the main channel that flows through our district.
10:17In the past, this area saw flooding until the channel was cemented in as a part of local flood control.
10:24We did a risk analysis, using HAZUS, showing the area that can pose a threat during a 500-year flood event.
10:31We adjusted the parameters to account for a cement-lined flood channel.
10:38The flood control does what it was designed to do, and analysis shows there is little damage or loss due to flooding in this area.
10:49We adjusted the parameters to account for a cement-lined flood channel.
10:54The problem was that children are often drawn to watch swift-moving water.
11:02There were not any schools that were in flood-prone areas, but a number of schools look near the flood zones...
11:07...so we'll do a selection by location.
11:15So here I'm going to target the schools layer.
11:26I'm going to apply a search distance of a thousand feet.
11:30Okay. So we've selected schools within a thousand feet of flood-prone areas.
11:35Hmmm, didn't work.
11:44Most of the schools found within a thousand feet are elementary or middle schools.
11:50We used this information to begin a swift water awareness campaign aimed toward children and parents.
12:01The geoprocessing took a lot of time to run, so my partners would start the analysis...
12:06...it would run over lunch, and the other two members in the next class would finish the analysis.
12:11The challenge was that we had to finish our project in one day...
12:14...because the school computers have a deep freeze program that erases all of our data...
12:19...when the computers are shut down at the end of the day.
12:27We ran one analysis overnight, and the CAD class the next day lost our whole project.
12:38We also used what we learned about HAZUS to inform the public safety diver community...
12:43...on how a risk analysis with HAZUS could help document the need for funding...
12:48...in order to properly equip and train a water rescue team to respond to flood emergencies.
12:54Next year, we want to continue working with HAZUS to do a risk analysis...
12:57...and loss estimation for earthquakes in our community.
13:03Yeprem is changing to a regional display, which joins our HAZUS analysis to the Tales of Tails project...
13:10...where students assess contamination in lobster.
13:21The streams that run through our district go down the LA River straight out to the sea...
13:25...bringing with them any contaminants that may be on land.
13:28This map shows the level of arsenic in tissues of California spiny lobster off our coast and the Channel Islands.
13:35Projects similar to the ones my students did using GIS could be done in your community.
13:41That's where you come in.
13:43You can help them learn, share your experience, mentor them.
13:47Your kids can be doing this too. Thank you.
13:56That's great. Congratulations. Great.
14:07He's ready to take your jobs.
14:10Anyway, thank you.
14:15Thank you for doing what you're doing, and thank you for being a star.
14:19Don't you think he deserves one more round of applause?
14:22My god. Alright. Thank you.